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Arab-Imitative Byzantine


Arab Imitative of Heraclius, AE Follis, Year 20 (629/630)
(No Legend)
Heraclius standing facing at left, with long beard and moustache, wearing crown and military dress, long cross in right hand, Heraclius Constantine standing facing at right, with short beard, wearing crown and chlamys, globus cruciger in right hand, cross between their heads
Large M, blundered legend to left, C surmounted by cross above, X / X to right, corrupt A below
Exergual line with slashes
27mm x 33mm, 11.12g
SB 810 for type

Note: Overstruck on follis of Anastasius of Constantinople, with partial legends and bust showing on obverse and the top of CON on reverse


Arab Pseudo-Byzantine, Umayyad Caliphate, AE Fals imitating Constans II, c.Late 680s-693, Pre-Reform type, Emisa (Hims) Mint
(Uncertain legend)
Figure, beardless, standing facing, wearing crown and chlamys, holding long cross and globus cruciger
Large M, A/N/N/O to left, Staurogram and * above, C / I / C to right, inverted crescent and Y below
Mint name in Arabic in exergue
21mm x 23mm, 4.02g
Album 103
Ex Midwest "Coins of Christianity" Collection

Consignor notes: The Umayyad Caliphate was the second ruling government after the death of Muhammad. At this point, the Islamic Empire was limited to the Saudi Arabian peninsula, but began expanding in 622 AD. Their first conquests included Syria, Judaea, Turkey and Persia in 661 and ended in 750 with the victory over the North African nations along with Spain and France. The coins minted in Syria and Judaea imitated the contemporary Byzantine Empire issues, but included symbols of Christianity and Judaism, such as crosses, staurograms, Christograms and menorah, to appease the populace after the conquests.


Arab Pseudo-Byzantine, AE Follis imitating Constans II, c.650s-680s
+EIST NIK
Figure, beardless, standing facing, wearing crown and chlamys, holding long cross and globus cruciger
Large cursive m, A/N/N/O to left, cross above, L/F to right
CION in exergue
21mm, 2.99g
Goodwin Type E; SICA I, 508-525


Arab Pseudo-Byzantine, AE Follis imitating Constans II, c.650s-680s
T L-C-Q-K (C retrograde)
Figure, beardless, standing facing, wearing crown and chlamys, long cross in right hand, globus cruciger in left
Large m, C/N/N to left, O/A/X to right
P K (retrograde) in exergue
19mm x 23mm, 2.42g
Goodwin Type E; SICA I, 508-525

Note from Dave Tranbarger: Very close to SICA I, 519, one of a group excavated at Lachish (Tell el Duweir) and published by Metcalf in 1964 including very similar lettering and the reuse of a quartered flan of an earlier follis, which is characteristic of Southern Syria & Palestine at that time.


Arab-Byzantine, Bilingual AE Fals, 680s-690s, Hims/Emesa
KA/L/ON | "bi-Hims" (in Arabic) / * across fields
Bust, beardless, facing, wearing crown and chlamys, globus cruciger in right hand
Large m, E/M/I to left, * flanked by two birds eyes above, C/H/C to right
Exergue line with "tayyib" (in Arabic, meaning "good")
20mm, 4.36g
Album 110; SICA I, 542
Ex Spink and Son, Ltd.

Many thanks to Dave Tranbarger for the expanded attribution on this piece