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Constantine IX Monomachus: June 12, 1042 - January 11, 1055

Notes from Dumbarton Oaks on the development of gold coinage during the reign of Constantine IX on p.735 (Table 25)

Class Fineness Obverse Reverse

Histamena

I 945, 905, 900 Seated Christ Bust of emperor, wearing traditional loros, holding scepter with leaved cross and globus cruciger with patriarchal cross
II 900, 830 Seated Christ Bust of emperor, wearing traditional loros, holding labarum and globus cruciger with plain cross
III 865, 860, 855 Bust of Christ, two crescents in nimbus, book clasped with outspread hand Bust of emperor, wearing modified loros, holding scepter with plain cross and globus cruciger
IV 820, 815, 765 Bust of Christ, plain nimbus, book clasped with outspread hand Bust of emperor, wearing modified loros, holding sword and globus cruciger, stars on either side of head

Tetartera

I 865 Bust of Christ, plain nimbus, book clasped with outspread hand Bust of emperor, wearing modified loros, holding trefoil scepter and globus cruciger
II 725, 700 Bust of Christ, plain nimbus, book held from beneath Bust of emperor, wearing modified loros, holding labarum and globus cruciger

Note: The stars in the fields on the Class IV histamena are still in debate. The two explanations are - 1) simply a series device with the continued debasement of the denomination, or 2) the stars represent the supernova of what is now the Crab Nebula in the constellation Taurus on July 4, 1054 as it was visible for weeks and documented by astronomers at the time. The dating would coincide with the event, so either possibility is plausible.


Constantine IX Monomachus, AV Histamenon Nomisma, 1042-1055, Class I, Constantinople
+ IhS XIS REX-REVNANTInm
Christ, seated facing on curved-armed throne, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, raising right hand in benediction, holding Gospels with left, triple border
+CwnSt_Antn-bASILEuS Rm
Bust of Constantine IX facing, bearded, wearing crown, loros and saccos, crucifrom scepter with tendril-ornament in right hand, globus cruciger in left, triple border
29mm x 31mm, 4.34g
SB 1828

Note: This example is on a thin, spread flan, but not the usually encountered scyphate form.


Constantine IX Monomachus, AV Histamenon Nomisma Scyphate, 1042-1055, Class I, Constantinople
+ IhS XIS REX-REςNANTInm
Christ, seated facing on curved-armed throne, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, raising right hand in benediction, holding Gospels with left, triple border
+CwnSt_Antn-bASILEЧS R
Bust of Constantine IX facing, bearded, wearing crown, loros and saccos, crucifrom scepter with tendril-ornament in right hand, globus cruciger in left, triple border
27mm x 29mm, 4.31g
SB 1828


Constantine IX Monomachus, AV Histamenon Nomisma Scyphate, 1042-1055, Class II, Constantinople
+ IhS XIS REX-REVNANTInm
Christ, seated facing on curved-armed throne, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, raising right hand in benediction, holding Gospels with left, triple border
+CwnS_tAnt-bASILEuS Rm
Bust of Constantine IX facing, bearded, wearing crown, loros and saccos, labarum in right hand, globus cruciger in left, triple border
25mm x 27mm, 4.40g
SB 1829


Byzantine Empire, Constantine IX Monomachus, AV Tetarteron Nomisma, 1042-1055, Class I, Constantinople
+ IhS XIS RЄX-REΓNΛNTInm
Nimbate bust of Christ facing, right hand raised in benediction, holding Gospels with outspread left hand
+ CωnSτ_Λτ b_ΛSILEuS Rm
Crowned bust of Constantine facing, scepter surmounted by trefoil in right hand, globus cruciger in left
19mm x 21mm, 4.01g, .865 fine gold
SB 1832; DOC 5
Ex Triskeles Auction I, Lot 159, April 2013


Constantine IX Monomachus, AR Miliaresion Scyphate, 1042-1055, Constantinople
+ ΔECΠOI_NA CωZOIC
The Virgin orans, nimbate, standing facing on footstool, wearing pallium and maphorium, MP | ΘV across fields, double border
EVCEBH-MONOMAXON
Constantine IX standing facing, bearded, wearing crown, cuirass, tunic, cloak and high boots, long cross in right hand, left hand resting on sheathed sword, double border
26mm x 30mm, 2.87g
SB 1834