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Byzantine: Justinian I - August 1, 527 - November 14, 565


Justinian I, AV Solidus, 527-552, Constantinople, Officina 9
D N IVSTINI_ANVS PP AVI
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield in left hand, globus cruciger in right
VICTORI_A AVGGG Q
Angel standing facing, long cross in right hand, globus cruciger in left
* in right field
CONOB in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 4.50g
SB 139


Justinian I, AV Solidus, 527-552, Constantinople, Officina 2
D N IVSTINI_ANVS PP AVI
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield in left hand, globus cruciger in right
VICTORI_A AVGGG B
Angel standing facing, long linear staff surmounted by Christogram in right hand, globus cruciger in left
* in right field
CONOB in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 4.33g
SB 140


Justinian I, AV Solidus, 527-552, Constantinople, Officina 4
D N IVSTINI_ANVS PP AVI
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield in left hand, globus cruciger in right
VICTORI_A AVGGG Δ
Angel standing facing, long linear staff surmounted by Christogram in right hand, globus cruciger in left
* in right field
CONOB in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 4.51g
SB 140


Justinian I, AV Solidus, 527-552, Constantinople, Officina 6
D N IVSTINI_ANVS PP AVI
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield in left hand, globus cruciger in right
VICTORI_A AVGGG S
Angel standing facing, long linear staff surmounted by Christogram in right hand, globus cruciger in left
* in right field
CONOB in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 4.51g
SB 140


Justinian I, AV Solidus, 527-552, Constantinople, Officina 6
D N IVSTINI_ANVS PP AVI
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield in left hand, globus cruciger in right
VICTORI_A AVGGG S
Angel standing facing, long linear staff surmounted by Christogram in right hand, globus cruciger in left
* in right field
CONOB in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 4.36g
SB 140


Justinian I, AV Solidus, 527-552, Constantinople, Officina 6
D N IVSTINI_ANVS PP AVI
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield decorated with horseman in left hand, globus cruciger in right
VICTORI_A AVGGG S
Angel standing facing, long linear staff surmounted by Christogram in right hand, globus cruciger in left
* in right field
CONOB in exergue
21mm x 22mm, 4.48g
SB 140


Justinian I, AV Solidus, 527-552, Constantinople, Officina 7
D N IVSTINI_ANVS PP AVI
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield in left hand, globus cruciger in right
VICTORI_A AVGGG Z
Angel standing facing, long linear staff surmounted by Christogram in right hand, globus cruciger in left
* in right field
CONOB in exergue
21mm x 23mm, 4.36g
SB 140


Justinian I, AV Solidus, 527-552, Constantinople, Officina 8
D N IVSTINI_ANVS PP AVI
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield in left hand, globus cruciger in right
VICTORI_A AVGGG H
Angel standing facing, long linear staff surmounted by Christogram in right hand, globus cruciger in left
* in right field
CONOB in exergue
21mm x 22mm, 4.47g
SB 140


Justinian I, AV Semissis, 527-552, Constantinople
D N IVSTINI_ANVS PP AVI
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VICTORIA AVGGG
Victory seated right, inscribing shield set on knee
* | Christogram across fields
CONOB in exergue
17mm x 18mm, 1.95g
SB 143; MIB 17; DOC 17; BMC 21; Tolstoi 42; Ratto 465

Note: Authenticated by David Sear on December 7, 2005 and described as "VF, low weight suggesting possible clipping in antiquity."


Justinian I, AV Semissis, 527-552, Constantinople
D N IVSTINI_ANVS PP AVI
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VICTORIA AVGGG
Victory seated right, inscribing shield set on knee, cross behind
* | Christogram (inverted) across fields
CONOB in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.16g
SB 144


Justinian I, AE Follis, 527-565, Constantinople, Officina 1
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG
Diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Large M, * to left, cross above, cross to right, A below
CON in exergue
28mm x 31mm, 16.37g
SB 158


Justinian I, AE Follis, 527-565, Constantinople, Officina 2
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG
Diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, * on right shoulder
Large M, * to left, cross to right, cross above, B below
CON in exergue
30mm x 34mm, 16.39g
SB 158


Justinian I, AE Follis, 527-565, Constantinople, Officina 3
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AV
Diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, double-circle on right shoulder
Large M, * to left, cross above, cross to right, G below
CON in exergue
29mm x 31mm, 18.60g
SB 158


Justinian I, AE Follis, 538/539, Year 12, Constantinople, Officina 4
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left, cross in right field
Large M, A/N/N/O to left, XII to right, cross above, D below
CON in exergue
41mm x 43mm, 22.63g
SB 163


Justinian I, AE Follis, 543/544, Year 17, Constantinople, Officina 3
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left, cross in right field
Large M, A/N/N/O to left, . / X / u / II to right, cross above, G below
CON in exergue
34mm x 35mm, 20.44g
SB 163
Ex Vel Garnett Collection


Justinian I, AE Follis, 557/558, Year 31, Constantinople, Officina 2
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left, cross in right field
Large M, A/N/N/O to left, cross above, X / X / X / I to right, B below
CON in exergue
31mm x 33mm, 17.84g
SB 163
Ex Vel Garnett Collection


Justinian I, AE Half Follis, 527-565, Constantinople, Officina 3
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P AV
Diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Large K, long cross with pellets at termini, star above and below, G to right
23mm x 24mm, 8.55g
SB 164


Justinian I, AE Decanummium, 527-565, Constantinople
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG
Diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Large I surmounted by cross, star to the left and right
CON in exergue
20mm x 22mm, 3.68g
SB 166
Ex Vel Garnett Collection


Justinian I, AE 16 Nummi, 527-565, Thessalonica
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG (N's and S's retrograde)
Diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Large I surmounted by cross, smaller S to right, A to left, P to far right
TES in exergue
20mm x 23mm, 5.89g
SB 177
Ex Vel Garnett Collection


Justinian I, AE 16 Nummi, 527-565, Thessalonica
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P AV
Diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Large I surmounted by Chi-Rho, smaller S to right, A to left, P to far right
TES in exergue
20mm x 24mm, 6.82g
SB 178


Justinian I, AE Nummus, 527-565, Thessalonica
D N IVSTINI_ANVS PP AVG
Diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Large A surmounted by cross, A to left, P to right
9mm x 10mm, 0.60g
SB 196c


Justinian I, AE Follis, 527-565, Nicomedia, Officina 1
D N IVSTINI_NIAS P P AVG
Diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Large M, * to left, cross above, cross to right, A below
NIKM in exergue
28mm x 30mm, 14.86g
SB 198

Note: Flan flaw makes the exergue look odd, but appears to be NIKM. Also, the obverse legend is a bit blundered, but very clearly reads NIAS P P AVG on the right.


Justinian I, AE Follis, 527-565, Nicomedia, Officina 1
D N IVSTI_NIANVS P
Diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Large M, * to left, cross above, cross to right, A below
NIKM (?) in exergue
30mm x 32mm, 14.82g
SB 198
Ex Vel Garnett Collection

Note: Interesting obverse legend. Corroded flan makes the officina and exergue difficult to read, but it does appear to be A / NIKM.


Justinian I, AE Follis, 527-565, Nicomedia, Officina 2
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P AVG
Diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Large M, cross to left, cross above, cross to right, B below
NIKM in exergue
29mm x 31mm, 15.27g
SB 199
Ex Vel Garnett Collection

Note: Sear notes this variety is only known from officina B.


Justinian I, AE Follis, 541/542, Year 15, Nicomedia, Officina 1
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left, cross in right field
Large M, A/N/N/O to left, X/U to right, cross above, A below
NIKO in exergue
39mm x 40mm, 22.09g
SB 201


Justinian I, AE Follis, 544/545, Year 18, Nicomedia, Officina 1
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left, cross in right field
Large M, A/N/N/O to left, X/U/II/I to right, Chi-Rho above, A below
NIKO in exergue
35mm x 39mm, 19.48g
SB 201


Byzantine Empire, Justinian I (527-565), AE Half Follis, 541/542, Year 17, Nicomedia
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left, cross in right field
Large K, A/N/N/O to left, Xu/II to right, Staurogram above, NI below
28mm x 29mm, 9.56g
SB 203
Ex Midwest "Coins of Christianity" Collection


Justinian I, AE Follis, 546/547, Year 20, Cyzicus, Officina 2
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left, cross in right field
Large M, A/N/N/O to left, cross above, X/X to right, B below
KYZ in exergue
36mm x 39mm, 19.79g
SB 207


Justinian I, AE Large Module Half Follis, 540/541, Year 14, Cyzicus
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left, cross in right field
Large K, A/N/N/O to left, cross above, X  II / II to right, pellets in all three branches of the K
Y / Z in exergue
30mm x 31mm, 11.36g
SB 208 variant
Ex Vel Garnett Collection

Note: Variant for pellets around the K - SB 208 is plated on p.69 and clearly shows no pellets.


Justinian I, AE Small Module Half Follis, 543/544, Year 17, Cyzicus
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left, cross in right field
Large K, A/N/N/O to left, cross above, X  u / II to right, Y / Z below
27mm x 28mm, 9.08g
SB 208


Justinian I, AE Decanummium, 557/558, Year 31, Cyzicus
[D N IVSTI]ANVS P
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Large I surmounted by cross, A/N/N/O to left, X/XX/I to right
12mm x 13mm, 1.67g
SB 209

Note: This coin is overstruck on an AE pentanummium of Justin I, Chi-Rho type with E in right field, as evidenced by the reverse where the exergue should be. Stylistically, this coin is difficult to attribute, since it looks somewhat barbarous. I'm assigning it, with some hesitation, to Cyzicus, based on the portrait and the configuration of the regnal year.


Justinian I, AE Follis, 527-528, Antioch, Officina 1
D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVS (first S is retrograde)
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Large M, star to left and right, cross above, A below
ANTIX in exergue
30mm x 33mm, 16.90g
SB 213

Note: Antioch was nearly destroyed by an earthquake on November 29, 528 after which the city was renamed Theoupolis


Justinian I, AE Follis, 527-565, Theoupolis (Antioch) Mint, Officina 3
d N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG (S's retrograde)
Justinian enthroned facing, long scepter in right hand, globus cruciger in left
Large M, star to left, cross above, crescent to right, G below
+ THEUP in exergue
30mm x 35mm, 17.08g
SB 214


Justinian I, AE Follis, 527-528, Antioch, Officina 3
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AV'
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, no design on shoulder
Large M, star to left, cross above, star to right, G below
+ THEUo/P + in exergue
30mm x 36mm, 13.09g
SB 216


Justinian I, AE Follis, 552/553, Year 26, Theoupolis (Antioch), Officina 5
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVI
Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left, cross in right field
Large M, A/N/N/O to left, XXV to right, cross above, e below
tHUP- in exergue
34mm x 35mm, 20.19g
SB 221


Justinian I, AE Half Follis, 527-565, Theoupolis (Antioch) Mint, Officina 3
d N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG
Justinian enthroned facing, long scepter in right hand, globus cruciger in left
Large K, long cross to left dividing the mint mark as T | H above, E | U/O/P below
G to right
24mm x 26mm, 8.80g
SB 225


Justinian I, AE Half Follis, 527-565, Theoupolis (Antioch) Mint, Officina 1?
d N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG
Justinian enthroned facing, long scepter in right hand, globus cruciger in left
Large K, long cross to left dividing the mint mark as T | H above, E | U/O/P below
II or corrupted A? to right
24mm x 26mm, 6.99g
SB 225

Note: The officina mark of A, B, G or D is expected in the right field, so I'm not certain what to make of II


Justinian I, AE Half Follis, 557/558, Year 31, Theoupolis (Antioch) Mint
[d N IVSTINI]_ANVS P P AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left, cross in right field
Large K, A/N/N/O to left, cross above, XXXI to right
e in exergue
25mm x 28mm, 9.48g
SB 231
Ex Vel Garnett Collection


Justinian I, AE Decanummium, 550/551, Year 24, Theoupolis (Antioch) Mint
d N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left, cross in right field
Large I surmounted by cross, A/N/N/O in left field, X / X / IIII in right field
tHuP in exergue
23mm x 24mm, 4.11g
SB 237v

Note: SB 237 is listed with tHuII in exergue, so this piece is probably the same, but with some corruption due to a mis-strike or double strike.


Justinian I, AE Decanummium, 553/554, Year 27, Theoupolis (Antioch) Mint
d N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left, cross in right field
Large I surmounted by cross, A/N/N/O in left field, X / X / VI / VI in right field
tHue in exergue
21mm x 22mm, 4.15g
SB 238

Note: The second strike somehow did not obliterate the details on the first strike, leaving the regnal year to look like 10 / 10 / 7 / 7


Justinian I, AE Pentanummium, 527-565, Antioch
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG
Diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Tyche seated left, retrograde E at left, all in shrine
11mm x 12mm, 1.72g
SB 240


Justinian I, Pentanummium, 527-565, Antioch
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Large E with cross at center, no officina letter to right, pellet below
15mm, 2.38g
SB 242


Justinian I, Pentanummium, 527-565, Antioch
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Large E with cross at center, * to right
14mm x 16mm, 1.98g
SB 244


Justinian I, AR Siliqua, 534-565, Carthage
D N IVSTINIANVS PP AG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VOT / MV . LT / HTI
Wreath surrounding legend in three lines
CONOS in exergue
14mm x 16mm, 1.22g
SB 253; DOC I, 280; MIB I, 51
Ex CNG Mail Bid 69, Lot 1812, June 2005; Ex Garth R. Drewry Collection


Justinian I, AE Half Follis, 539/540, Year 13, Carthage
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left, cross in right field
Large K, A/N/N/O to left, cross above, X / III to right, S below
CAR in exergue
28mm x 30mm, 10.03g
SB 266
Ex Vel Garnett Collection


Justinian I, AE Decanummium, 548-549, Carthage
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P A
Diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VICTO_RIA AG
Victory advancing to front, wreath in right hand, globus cruciger in left
* X * in exergue
19mm x 21mm, 5.73g
SB 271


Justinian I, AE Nummus, 527-565, Carthage
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P A
Diademed, draped, cuirassed bust facing
Large star
9mm, 0.61g
SB 283Bv

Note: Variant for reverse attribute - Sear describes the star within wreath


Justinian I, AE Decanummium, 527-565, Rome
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AG
Diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Large I, between two stars, enclosed within wreath terminating in X
17mm x 18mm, 3.40g
SB 307; DO 362-3 (uncertain mint); BMC V, p. 110, 25; BN 3 (Italian mint); MIB 227


Justinian I, AE Decanummium, 560/561, Year 34, Ravenna
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AV
Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left
Large I, A/N/N/O to left, XX / XIIII to right
14mm x 16mm, 3.45g
SB 326


Justinian I, AE Decanummium, 562/563, Year 36, Ravenna
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AV
Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left
Large I, A/N/N/O to left, XX / XVI to right
15mm x 18mm, 3.69g
SB 326

Note: The S's in the obverse legend are retrograde.

*** Imitative Types ***

Justinian I, AE Decanummium, 556/557, Year 30, Imitative Italian Mint
D N IVSTINI_ANVS P P AVG
Diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Large I surmounted by cross, A/N/N/O to left, X/X/X to right
CON in exergue
16mm x 17mm, 3.59g
Hahn MIBE 99.3-6, p. 170, Plate 35
Ex Vel Garnett Collection