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Roman Imperial: Valentinian I to Theodosius I - Constantinople Mint


Roman Imperial, Procopius, AE3, September 28, 365-May 27, 366, First Period, Constantinople, Officina 1
D N PROCO_PIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left
REPARATI_O FEL TEMP
Emperor standing facing, in military dress, head right, labarum with * on banner in right hand, left hand resting on shield, "indeterminate object" at feet at left
Chi-Rho in upper right field
CONSA . in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.33g
RIC IX, 17(a)3 (R2)

Note: RIC footnotes on p.215 "Struck on Julian's standard; theoretical weight 3.03g (Elmer). The small indeterminate object is given by Cohen as 'seated captive'. Koblitz suggests a helmet. I have noted it as resembling the letter T, a mushroom, two small circles standing on above the other, a small circle standing on a pyramidal object, etc, but never 'seated captive' or 'helmet'."


Roman Imperial, Procopius, AE3, September 28, 365-May 27, 366, First Period, Constantinople, Officina 3
D N PROCO_PIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left
REPARATI_O FEL TEMP
Emperor standing facing, in military dress, head right, labarum in right hand, left hand resting on shield, "indeterminate object" at feet at left
Chi-Rho in upper right field
CONSΓ . in exergue
19mm, 3.35g
RIC IX, 17(a)5 (R2)

Personally, I have seen small representations of seated captives represented in the manner on this specimen and this may very well be they type of field mark Cohen observed and described as such.


Roman Imperial, Valens, AE3, February 25, 364-August 24, 367, First Period, Constantinople, Officina 3
D N VALEN_S P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
SECVRITAS-REIPVBLICAE
Victory advancing left, wreath in right hand, palm in left
CONSPG in exergue
16mm x 18mm, 1.93g
RIC IX, 21(b) (Unattested officina)


Roman Imperial, Valens, AE3, February 25, 364-August 24, 367, First Period, Constantinople, Officina 5
D N VALENS-P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
SECVRITAS-REIPVBLICAE
Victory advancing left, wreath in right hand, palm in left
CONSE in exergue
17mm x 19mm, 3.07g
RIC IX, 21(c)7 (C)


Roman Imperial, Valentinian I, AV Solidus, 368, Second Period, Constantinople
D N VALENTINI_ANVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, consular bust left in imperial mantle, mappa in right hand, scepter in left
VOTA-PV_BLICA
Valentinian I and Valens seated facing, both nimbate, mappa upward in right hand, scepter in left, bound captives facing them at right and left on ground
*CONS wreath in exergue
22mm, 4.45g
RIC IX, 29(a) (R3)
Ex Triton X, Lot 801, January 2007; Ex Marc Poncin Collection; Ex Triton VI, Lot 1111, January 2003; Ex William H Williams Collection


Roman Imperial, Valens, AR Siliqua, 24 August 367-17 November 375, Second Period, Constantinople
D N VALENS- P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VOT / X / MVLT / XX
Legend in four lines in laurel wreath terminating in large jewel
palm C chi-rho S wreath in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 1.99g
RIC IX, 37(b) (S)
Ex Robert Weinstein Collection


Roman Imperial, Valens, AR Siliqua, 378, Third Period, Traveling Mint
D N VALENS-P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX
Legend in four lines in laurel wreath terminating in large jewel
CONCM in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.04g
RIC IX, 42(bis)1 (S)
Ex Robert Weinstein Collection; Numismatik Lanz, Auction 102, Lot 1046, May 2001

Note: J. W. E. Pierce suggests the very unusual mintmark on this issue as Comit(atensis) M(ilitia) or M(oneta) and although lists it under Constantinopolis, alludes it to being struck by a traveling military mint for payment on Valens' last campaign against the Goths, which ended in his death at Hadrianopolis. Pierce also notes on p. 203 that the issue is only known for Valens and not Gratian, which leads him to put it in the Third Period - the only issue to which he ascribes specifically to it. Also, the coin in hand is clearly of different style than contemporary issues from Constantinople. The style of the lettering is more crisp and severe, with very pronounced serifs.


Roman Imperial, Arcadius, AE2, August 9, 378-August 25, 383, Fourth Period, Constantinople, Officina 3
D N ARCAD_IVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, spear pointing forward in right hand, shield in left, Hand of God crowning from above
GLORIA RO_MANORVM
Emperor standing facing, head left, labarum with X banner in right hand, left hand resting on shield, bound captive seated on ground to left and looking right
CONG* in exergue
RIC IX, 53(b) (S)


Roman Imperial, Arcadius, AE2, August 9, 378-August 25, 383, Fourth Period, Constantinople, Officina 3
D N ARCAD_IVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, spear pointing forward in right hand, shield in left, Hand of God crowning from above
GLORIA RO_MANORVM
Emperor standing facing, head left, labarum with X banner in right hand, left hand resting on shield, bound captive seated on ground to left and looking right
CONG* in exergue
22mm x 24mm, 5.10g
RIC IX, 53(b) (S)


Roman Imperial, Aelia Flaccilla, AE2, August 9, 378-August 25, 383, Fourth Period, Constantinople, Officina 5
AEL FLAC_CILLA AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped bust right with necklace, hair elaborately weaved with long plait up the back of head and tucked under diadem
SALVS REI_PVBLICAE
Victory seated right, inscribing Christogram on shield set on short column
CONE in exergue
21mm x 23mm, 4.55g
RIC IX, 55.5 (S)


Roman Imperial, Aelia Flaccilla, AE2, August 9, 378-August 25, 383, Fourth Period, Constantinople, Officina 5
AEL FLAC_CILLA AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped bust right with necklace, hair elaborately weaved with long plait up the back of head and tucked under diadem
SALVS REI_PVBLICAE
Victory seated right, inscribing Christogram on shield set on short column
CONE in exergue
22mm x 24mm, 6.02g
RIC IX, 55.5 (S)


Roman Imperial, Arcadius, AE4, August 9, 378-August 25, 383, Fourth Period, Constantinople, Officina 3
D N ARCADIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VOT / V
Legend within laurel wreath terminating in large jewel
CONG in exergue
13mm x 14mm, 1.11g
RIC IX, 62(b)1 (C)


Roman Imperial, Theodosius I, AE4, August 9, 378-August 25, 383, Fourth Period, Constantinople, Officina 1
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VOT / X / MVLT / XX
Legend within laurel wreath terminating in large jewel
CONA in exergue
13mm x 14mm, 1.30g
RIC IX, 63(b) (C)


Roman Imperial, Arcadius, AE2, August 25, 383-August 28, 388, Fifth Period, Constantinople, Officina 3
D N ARCAD_IVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, spear pointing forward in right hand, shield in left, Hand of God crowning from above
GLORIA RO_MANORVM
Emperor standing facing, head left, labarum with X banner in right hand, left hand resting on shield, bound captive on ground to left and looking right
T in left field
CONG in exergue
22mm x 23mm, 4.44g
RIC IX, 80 (C)


Roman Imperial, Aelia Flaccilla, AE2, Constantinopolis, Officina 5
AEL FLAC_CILLA AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped bust right with elaborate headdress, necklace and mantle
SALVS REI_PVBLICAE
Victory seated right, inscribing Christogram on a shield in her lap
T in right field
CONE in exergue
RIC IX, 81 (S)

This coin is unusually double-struck, which is evident on the right side of the legend of both sides. Luckily, the central devices are well struck and clear, but the first off-center strike on the flan left some of the legend on the rim.


Roman Imperial, Aelia Flaccilla, AE2, August 25, 383-August 28, 388, Fifth Period, Constantinople, Officina 5
AEL FLAC_CILLA AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped bust right with necklace, hair elaborately weaved with long plait up the back of head and tucked under diadem
SALVS REI_PVBLICAE
Empress standing facing, head right, hands together on chest
Tau-Rho in right field
CONSE in exergue
23mm, 4.60g
RIC IX, 82.3 (S)


Roman Imperial, Valentinian II, AE2, August 25, 383-August 28, 388, Fifth Period, Constantinople, Officina 2
D N VALENTINI_ANVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS E_XERCITI
Emperor standing right, standard with X banner in right hand, globe in left, left foot on bound captive kneeling on ground to right and looking back
Staurogram in left field
CONSB in exergue
23mm, 5.67g
RIC IX, 83(a)2 (S)
Ex Midwest "Coins of Christianity" Collection


Roman Imperial, Arcadius, AE2, August 25, 383-August 28, 388, Fifth Period, Constantinople, Officina 1
D N ARCADIVS P F AVGVSIVS
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS E_XERCITI
Emperor standing right, labarum with X banner in right hand, globe in left, left foot on bound captive kneeling on ground to right and looking back
Cross in left field
CONSA in exergue
21mm x 22mm, 4.15g
RIC IX, -- (cf. RIC 83(c)1) (Unattested officina)

Note: The obverse legend has the unusual AVGVSIVS instead of AVGVSTVS. Also, this coin is particularly interesting, as the officina mark should be G not A. According to RIC, the first officina struck exclusively for Theodosius, the second for Valentinian and the third officina struck for Arcadius at this time.


Roman Imperial, Arcadius, AE2, August 25, 383-August 28, 388, Fifth Period, Constantinople, Officina 3
D N ARCADIVS P F AVGVSIVS
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS E_XERCITI
Emperor standing right, labarum with X banner in right hand, globe in left, left foot on bound captive kneeling on ground to right and looking back
Cross in left field
CONSG in exergue
23mm x 24mm, 4.47g
RIC IX, 83(c)1 (C)

Note: The obverse legend has the unusual AVGVSIVS instead of AVGVSTVS.


Roman Imperial, Arcadius, AE2, 383-408, Constantinople, Officina 3
D N ARCADIVS P F AVGVSIVS
Pearl-diademed, cuirassed, draped bust right
VIRTVS E_XERCITI
Emperor standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, globe in left, left foot on captive
Tau-Rho in left field
CONSG in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 5.18g
RIC IX, 83(c)2 (C)

Note: The obverse legend has the unusual AVGVSIVS instead of AVGVSTVS.


Roman Imperial, Arcadius, AE2, August 25, 383-August 28, 388, Fifth Period, Constantinople, Officina 4
D N ARCADIVS P F AVGVSIVS
Pearl-diademed, cuirassed, draped bust right
VIRTVS E_XERCITI
Emperor standing facing, head right, standard with * on banner in right hand, globe in left, left foot on captive
Staurogram in left field
CONSΔ in exergue
21mm x 22mm, 5.33g
RIC IX, -- (cf. RIC 83(c)2 for same from officina 3)
Ex Midwest "Coins of Christianity" Collection


Roman Imperial, Arcadius, AE4, August 28-388-May 15, 392, Sixth Period, Constantinople, Officina 4
D N ARCADIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
SALVS REI_PVBLICAE
Victory advancing left, head right, trophy in right hand over shoulder, dragging captive with left
Tau-Rho in left field
CONSD in exergue
13mm, 1.46g
RIC IX, 86(c)4 (S)


Roman Imperial, Arcadius, AR Siliqua, May 15, 392-January 17, 395, Seventh Period, Constantinople
D N ARCADI_VS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VOT / X / MVLT / XX
Legend surrounded by laurel-wreath terminating in large jewel
CONS in exergue
17mm x 18mm, 2.13g
RIC IX, 87(b) (S)
Ex Vel Garnett Collection


Roman Imperial, Honorius, AE2, May 15, 392-January 17, 395, Seventh Period, Constantinople, Officina 4
D N HONORIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
GLORIA-ROMANORVM
Emperor standing facing, head right, globe in left hand, labarum in right
Branch in left field
CONSD in exergue
21mm x 24mm, 5.81g
RIC IX, --

Note: Branch in left field series mark only attested for Arcadius in RIC as 88(b)7