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RIC Volume VI - Diocletian Reform to Maximinus: Rome Mint


Diocletian, AR Argenteus, c.294, Group I, Class I, Rome
DIOCLETI_ANVS AVG
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
VICTORI_A SARMAT
The four princes sacrificing over tripod before gate in six-turreted enclosure
18mm x 19mm, 3.36g
RIC VI, 19a (R3)


Diocletian, AR Argenteus, c.294, Group I, Class I, Rome
DIOCLETI_ANVS AVG
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
VICTORI_A SARMAT
The four princes sacrificing over tripod before gate in six-turreted enclosure
18mm x 19mm, 3.09g
RIC VI, 19a (R3)


Diocletian, AR Argenteus, 294, Group I, Class I, Rome
DIOCLET_IANVS AVG
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
VIRTVS-MILITVM
The four princes sacrificing over tripod before gate in six-turreted enclosure
19mm x 20mm, 3.16g
RIC VI, 27a (R)


Diocletian, AR Argenteus, c.295-297, Group I, Class III, Rome, Officina 4
DIOCLET_IANVS AVG
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
VIRTVS-MILITVM
The four princes sacrificing over tripod before gate in six-turreted enclosure
D in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 2.62g
RIC VI, 40a (S)


Constantius I as Caesar, AR Argenteus, c.295-297, Group I, Class III, Rome, Officina 1
CONSTAN_TIVS CAES
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
VIRTVS-MILITVM
The four princes sacrificing over tripod before gate in six-turreted enclosure
A in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 4.02g
RIC VI, 42a (S)


Maximianus, AE Follis, c.296-297, Group I, Class IIa, Rome, Officina 1
IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
GENIO POP_VLI ROMANI
Genius standing facing, head left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, patera in right hand, cornucopiae in left
R in left field
A in exergue
26mm x 30mm, 8.56g
RIC VI, 63 (R)


Maximianus, AE Post-Reform Radiate Fraction, 297-298, Group I, Class IIIb, Rome, Officina 6
IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
VOT / XX
Legend in wreath
V under legend in wreath
18mm x 19mm, 2.76g
RIC VI, 76b (S)


Diocletian, AE Post-Reform Radiate Fraction, 297-298, Rome, Officina 4
IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
VOT / . / XX
Legend in wreath
Δ under legend in wreath
20mm x 21mm, 2.27g
RIC VI, 77a (C)


Maximianus, AE Post-Reform Radiate Fraction, 297-298, Group I, Class IIIb, Rome, Officina 1
IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
VOT / X . X
Legend in wreath
A under legend in wreath
22mm x 23mm, 5.13g
RIC VI, 78 (C)

Note: This fraction series, RIC #74-89, has an expected weight of around 3.00g. This example is either struck on an antoninianus flan or is part of a different and unlisted series. The footnote on p. 359 admits "these common coins have been studied and recorded with insufficient care. It appears that there were examples (of which Vienna contains a number) without any officina- letter -- a separate issue, or the result of error in engraving?". The following footnote, relating to #87, cites an example from officina 3 in the Vienna Collection weighing 7.10g.


Constantius I, AE Post-Reform Radiate Fraction, 297-298, Group I, Class III (b), Rome, Officina 3
CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
VOT / X . X
Legend in wreath
G under legend in wreath
19mm x 21mm, 2.92g
RIC VI, 88a (S)


Constantius I, AE Follis, 299, Group I, Class V, Rome, Officina 3
CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
Laureate head right
GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI
Genius standing facing, modius on head left, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, patera in right hand, cornucopiae in left
T* in exergue
27mm x 30mm, 9.71g
RIC VI, 95a (C)


Galerius, AE Follis, 299, Group I, Class V, Rome, Officina 4
MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
Laureate head right
GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI
Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, patera in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Q* in exergue
28mm x 29mm, 12.61g
RIC VI, 95b (C)

Note: In excess of 1.00g overweight of the standard range 11.50g-8.50g.


Galerius, AE Follis, 299, Group I, Class V, Rome, Officina 4
MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
Laureate head right
GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI
Genius standing facing, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, patera in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Q* in exergue
27mm x 28mm, 8.94g
RIC VI, 95b (C)


Maximianus, AE Follis, c. 300-301, Group I, Class VII, Rome, Officina 2
IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
SACRA MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN
Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
S teardrop in exergue
26mm x 29mm, 11.07g
RIC VI, 100b (S)


Diocletian, AE Follis, 303-305, Group I, Class IX, Rome, Officina 1
IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN
Moneta standing facing, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
R crescent P in exergue
27mm x 29mm, 11.41g
RIC VI, 111a (C2)


Constantius I as Caesar, AE Follis, 303-305, Group I, Class IX, Rome, Officina 3
CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
Laureate head right
SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN
Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
R crescent T in exergue
28mm x 29mm, 11.07g
RIC VI, 112a (C2)


Diocletian, AE Follis, c. 305, Group II, Class I (a), Rome, Officina 4
D N DIOCLETIANO FELICISS SEN AVG
Laureate bust right in imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left
PROVIDENT DEOR QVIES AVGG
Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, branch upward in right hand, vertical scepter in left
S | . | F across fields
RQ in exergue
25mm x 26mm, 8.66g
RIC VI, 117a (R)
Ex Tony Hardy Collection


Maximianus, AE Follis, c.305, Group II, Class I (a), Rome, Officina 3
D N MAXIMIANO FELICISS SEN AVG
Laureate bust right in imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left
PROVIDENT DEOR QVIES AVGG
Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, branch upward in right hand, vertical scepter in left
S | F across fields
RT in exergue
26mm x 27mm, 9.46g
RIC VI, 117b (S)


Constantius I as Augustus, AE Follis, 306, Rome, Officina 1
IMP C CONSTANTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right
SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN
Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
R wreath P in exergue
26mm x 28mm, 12.14g
RIC VI, 132a (S)


Maxentius, AE Follis, c.Summer 307, Group III, Class III, Rome, Officina 3
MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
CONSERVATO_RES VRB SVAE
Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left, plain pediment, no acroteria
RT in exergue
25mm x 26mm, 4.74g
RIC VI, 163 (R)

Note: This piece is 1.26g lighter than the expected range of 7.00g-6.00g Also, this was overstruck on another follis, but the host coin is undetermined


Maxentius, AE Follis, Early Autumn 307, Group IV, Class I, Rome, Officina 3
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right
CONSERVATO_RES VRB SVAE
Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left, plain pediment, no acroteria
R*T in exergue
24mm x 27mm, 6.29g
RIC VI, 194a (S)

Note: Interesting example with wavy lines and pellets throughout the rooflines and no acroteria since the legend is so large


Maxentius, AE Follis, Early Autumn 307, Group IV, Class I, Rome, Officina 3
MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
CONSERVATO_RES VRB SVAE
Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left, plain pediment, no acroteria
R*T in exergue
23mm x 27mm, 7.50g
RIC VI, 195 (S)

Note: This piece is 0.50g heavier than the expected range of 7.00g-6.00g


Constantine I as Caesar, AE Follis, Early Autumn 307, Rome, Officina 4
CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES
Laureate head right
CONSERVATO_RES VRB SVAE
Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left, plain pediment, knobs as acroteria
R*Q in exergue
24mm x 28mm, 6.09g
RIC VI, 196 (C)


Constantine I as Caesar, AE Follis, Early Autumn 307, Rome, Officina 4
CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES
Laureate head right
CONSERVATO_RES VRB SVAE
Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left, plain pediment, no acroteria
R*Q in exergue
24mm x 26mm, 4.83g
RIC VI, 196 (C)

Note: This piece is 1.17g lighter than the expected range of 7.00g-6.00g


Constantine I as Caesar, AE Follis, Early Autumn 307, Rome, Officina 4
CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES
Laureate head right
CONSERVATO_RES VRB SVAE
Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left, plain pediment, no acroteria
R*Q in exergue
25mm x 26mm, 6.93g
RIC VI, 196 (C)


Constantine I as Caesar, AE Follis, Early Autumn 307, Rome, Officina 4
CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES
Laureate head right
CONSERVATO_RES VRB SVAE
Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left, plain pediment, no acroteria
R*Q in exergue
26mm x 28mm, 4.53g
RIC VI, 196 (C)

Note: Significant die shift on the reverse obliterates one of the columns on the left side of the temple, making it appear to have only two columns on the left and the proper three on the right.


Maxentius, AE Follis, Winter 307-308, Rome, Officina 1
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right
CONSERV-VRB SVAE
Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left, shield at side, wreath in pediment, Victories as acroteria
H in left field
RP in exergue
23mm x 27mm, 5.15g
RIC VI, 202a (C)


Maxentius, AE Follis, Winter 307-308, Rome, Officina 4
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right
CONSERV-VRB SVAE
Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left, shield at side, wreath in pediment, statues as acroteria
H in left field
RQ in exergue
25mm x 26mm, 7.35g
RIC VI, 202a (C)


Maxentius, AE Follis, 308-310, Group IV, Class II (a), Rome, Officina 4
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
CONSERV-VRB SVAE
Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left, shield at side, Dioscuri between small altars in pediment, statues as acroteria, quadriga above pediment
RBQ in exergue
22mm x 24mm, 5.51g
RIC VI, 208 (C)
Ex Fritz Rudolf Kunker Auction 104, Lot 674, October 2005; Ex Munzenversandhaus Reppa GMBH


Maxentius, AE Follis, 308-310, Rome, Officina 3
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right
CONSERV-VRB SVAE
Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left, shield at side, wreath in pediment, statues as acroteria
RBT in exergue
25mm x 27mm, 5.93g
RIC VI, 210 (C2)
Ex Tony Hardy Collection


Maxentius, AE Follis, 308-310, Group IV, Class III (a), Rome, Officina 2
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
CONSERV-VRB SVAE
Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left, shield at side, wreath in pediment, knobs as acroteria
RBS in exergue
23mm x 24mm, 6.29g
RIC VI, 210 (C2)


Maxentius, AE Follis, 308-310, Group IV, Class III (a), Rome, Officina 3
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
CONSERV-VRB SVAE
Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left, shield at side, wreath in pediment, statues as acroteria
RBT in exergue
24mm x 26mm, 5.81g
RIC VI, 210 (C2)


Maxentius, AE Follis, 308-310, Group IV, Class III (a), Rome, Officina 3
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
CONSERV-VRB SVAE
Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left, shield at side, wreath in pediment, Victories as acroteria
RBT in exergue
24mm x 26mm, 6.95g
RIC VI, 210 (C2)


Maxentius, AE Follis, 308-310, Rome, Officina 4
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right
CONSERV-VRB SVAE
Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left, shield at side, wreath in pediment, knobs as acroteria
RBQ in exergue
25mm, 6.90g
RIC VI, 210 (C2)


Maxentius, AE Follis, 308-310, Rome, Officina 4
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right
CONSERV-VRB SVAE
Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left, shield at side, wreath in pediment, knobs as acroteria
RBQ in exergue
26mm, 6.90g
RIC VI, 210 (C2)


Maxentius, AE Half Follis, c.310, Group IV, Class IV (a), Rome, Officina 4
MAXENTI_VS P F AVG
Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over shoulder, shield in left
VICTORIA A_ETERNA AVG N
Victory standing right, inscribing VOT / X on shield set on cippus, seated captive to left
RQ in exergue
21mm x 23mm, 3.15g
RIC VI, 232 (S)


Romulus, AE Quarter Follis, c.310, Group IV, Class IVb, Rome, Officina 3
DIVO ROMVLO N V BIS CONS
Bare head of Romulus right
AETERNAE-MEMORIAE
Eagle with wings spread right, head left, on domed, block shrine, right door ajar
RT in exergue
16mm x 17mm, 1.70g
RIC VI, 239 (C)
Ex Spink Taisei Numismatics Ltd, Zurich


Romulus, AE Follis, c.310-311, Group IV, Class V, Rome, Officina 1
IMP MAXENTIVS DIVO ROMVLO N V FILIO
Bare head of Romulus right
AETERNA-MEMORIA
Eagle with wings spread right, head left, on domed hexastyle shrine, right door ajar
REP in exergue
25mm x 26mm, 5.43g
RIC VI, 256 (R)


Maxentius, AE Follis, c.310-311, Group IV, Class V, Rome, Officina 1
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
CONSERV-VRB SVAE
Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left, shield at side, wreath in pediment, knobs on pillars as acroteria
H in left field
REP in exergue
23mm x 25mm, 6.30g
RIC VI, 258 (C)


Maxentius, AE Follis, c.310-311, Group IV, Class V, Rome, Officina 1
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
CONSERV-VRB SVAE
Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left, shield at side, wreath in pediment, knobs on pillars as acroteria
P in left field
REP in exergue
22mm x 25mm, 5.99g
RIC VI, 258 (C)


Maxentius, AE Follis, c.310-311, Group IV, Class V, Rome, Officina 2
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
CONSERV-VRB SVAE
Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left, shield at side, wreath in pediment, knobs on pillars as acroteria
RES in exergue
24mm x 25mm, 6.35g
RIC VI, 258 (C)


Maxentius, AE Follis, c.310-311, Group IV, Class V, Rome, Officina 4
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right
CONSERV-VRB SVAE
Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left, shield at side, wreath in pediment, knobs as acroteria, three knobs on peak
REQ in exergue
24mm x 25mm, 6.40g
RIC VI, 258 (C)

Note: The A in SVAE appears to actually be an AE ligate. The three knobs at the pinnacle of the temple are another unusual feature.


Maxentius, AE Third-Follis, c.310-311, Rome
MAXENTI_VS P F AVG
Laureate head right, parallel wreath ties
VOT / Q . Q / MVL / XX
Legend in four lines within wreath
17mm, 2.55g
RIC VI, 281c (S)

Note: RIC describes this coin as a 1/3 Follis.


Licinius I, AV Solidus, October 312-c.May 313, Group V, Rome
LICINI_VS P F AVG
Laureate head right
VICTORIA CON_S_TANTINI AVG
Victory advancing left, wreath upward in right hand, palm in left over shoulder, bound seated captive at left, head reverted
PR in exergue
17mm, 4.28g
RIC VI, 285c (R3) (This coin cited); Depeyrot 17/11; Alföldi 586; Cayon 38 (this coin)
Ex Franz Trau Collection (Adolph Hess, 22 May 1935), lot 3778

Notes: Very rare issue, 4 examples cited by Depeyrot, probably including this specimen. This is from the last gold issue series before the death of Maximinus II (who, along with Constantine I, all issued this reverse type).


Maximinus II, AE Follis, 312-313, Group V, Class I (a), Rome, Officina 2 (?)
IMP MAXIMINVS P F AVG
Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind
S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI
Legionary eagle facing left, between vexilla surmounted by hand on left and vexilla surmounted by wreath on right
RS (?) in exergue
21mm x 23mm, 4.55g
RIC VI, 348b (C)


Licinius I, AE Follis, 312-313, Group V, Class I (a), Rome, Officina 4
IMP LICINIVS P F AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI
Legionary eagle facing left, between vexilla surmounted by hand on left and vexilla surmounted by wreath on right
RQ in exergue
22mm, 3.62g
RIC VI, 349c (C)


Constantine I, AE Half Follis, 312-313, Group V, Class I (b), Rome, Officina 4
FL VAL CONSTANTINVS AVG
Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind
PACI P_ERPET
Pax standing facing, head left, branch in right hand, standard in left
XII in left field
RQ in exergue
17mm, 2.12g
RIC VI, 355 (R)


Constantine I, AE Half Follis, 312-313, Group V, Class I (b), Rome, Officina 2
FL VAL CONSTANTINVS AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
PACI P_ERPET
Pax standing facing, head left, branch upward in right hand, standard in left
XII in left field
RS in exergue
16mm x 17mm, 2.46g
RIC VI, 356 (C)


Constantine I, AE Half Follis, 312-313, Group V, Class I (b), Rome, Officina 2
FL VAL CONSTANTINVS AVG
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
PACI P_ERPET
Pax standing facing, head left, branch upward in right hand, standard in left
XII in left field
RS in exergue
17mm x 18mm, 1.90g
RIC VI, 357 (R)


Constantine I, AE Half Follis, 312-313, Group V, Class I (b), Rome, Officina 1
FL VAL CONSTANTINVS AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
PACI P_E_RPET
Pax standing facing, head left, branch in right hand, scepter in left
XII in left field
RP in exergue
16mm, 2.35g
RIC VI, --

Note: Reverse type with Pax holding scepter instead of standard not listed in RIC and causes unlisted legend break as well


Constantine I, AE Half Follis, 312-313, Group V, Class I (b), Rome, Officina 3
FL VAL CONSTANTINVS AVG
Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
VIRT EXE_R_CIT GALL
Virtus standing facing, head right, helmeted, spear in right hand, parazonium in left
X | VI across fields
RT in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 2.67g
RIC VI, 360 variant (S)
Ex Paul Rynearson, VCoins, May 2006

Note: RIC describes this coin with reverse legend break EXE_RCIT and the spear as reversed instead of upright.