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Roman Imperial: Constantine and Licinius - Constantinople Mint


Constantine I, AE3, 326-327, Constantinopolis, Officina 1
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
Laureate head right
PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG
Campgate with eight rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
A in left field
CONS in exergue
RIC VII, 7 (S)


Constantine I, AE3, 326-327, Constantinopolis, Officina 2
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
Laureate head right
PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG
Campgate with six rows on left side, five rows on right, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
B in left field
CONS in exergue
RIC VII, 7 (R2)


Constantine II, AE3, 326-327, Constantinopolis, Officina 2
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with eight rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks, ramp at base
B in left field
CONS in exergue
RIC VII, 9 (R2)
Ex Keith Metzer Collection, October 2003


Constantius II, AE3, 326-327, Constantinopolis, Officina 1
FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks, flared roof, ramp with stairs at base
A in left field
CONS in exergue
RIC VII, 10 (R2)
Ex Keith Metzer Collection, October 2003


Fausta, AE3, 326-327, Constantinople, Officina 1
FLAV MAX-FAVSTA AVG
Mantled bust right, hair waved and tucked into knot at back of head
SALVS REI_PVBLICAE
Salus, veiled, standing facing, head left, holding child in each arm
A in left field
CONS in exergue
19mm, 2.89g
RIC VII, 12 (R3)


Constantine I, AE3, 327, Constantinople, Officina 2
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Laureate head right
LIBERT_A_S-PVBLICA
Victory standing facing in galley, head left, wreath in each hand
B in left field
CONS in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.16g
RIC VII, 18 (R1)


Constantine II, AE3, 327, Constantinopolis, Officina 3
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
G in left field
CONS in exergue
RIC VII, 20 (R3)


Constantine I, AE3, 327-328, Constantinople, Officina 6
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Rosette-diademed head right
GLORIA-EXERCITVS
Soldier standing facing, head right, reversed spear in right hand, left hand resting on shield set on ground
V in left field
CONS in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.88g
RIC VII, 22 (R3)


Constantine I, AE3, 327-328, Constantinople, Officina 6
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Plain diadem with center jewel on each panel, head right
GLORIA-EXERCITVS
Soldier standing facing, head right, reversed spear in right hand, left hand resting on shield set on ground
V in left field
CONS in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.23g
RIC VII, 22 (R3)

Note: RIC lists this issue with rosette-diademed head right (E2) as #22 (R3 for officina 6), however, this example appears less like the usual depiction of rosettes and more like two rows of pearls with separate panels with center jewel instead.


Constantine I, AE3, 327-328, Constantinople, Officina 1
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Plain and pearl-diademed head right
GLORIA RO_MANORVM
Roma seated left on shield, Victory on globe in right hand, scepter in left
A in left field
CONS in exergue
RIC VII, 23 (R2)

Note: RIC lists this issue with rosette-diademed head right (E2), however, Plate 18 shows what appears to be a similar diadem type as this example, and not a rosette-diadem.


Constantine I, AE3, 327-328, Constantinople, Officina 1
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Plain and pearl-diademed head right
GLORIA RO_MANORVM
Roma seated left on shield, Victory on globe in right hand, scepter in left
A in left field
CONS in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.39g
RIC VII, 23 (R2)


Constantine I, AE3, 327-328, Constantinople, Officina 1
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Rosette-diademed head right
GLORIA RO_MANORVM
Roma seated left on shield, Victory on globe in right hand, scepter in left
A in left field
CONS in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.06g
RIC VII, 23 (R2)
Ex Gorny & Mosch, Auction 159-162, Lot 3073, October 2007


Constantine I, AE3, 327-328, Constantinople, Officina 2
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Rosette-diademed head right
LIBERT_A_S-PVBLICA
Victory standing facing in galley, head left, wreath in each hand
B in left field
CONS in exergue
19mm, 2.78g
RIC VII, 25 (R2)


Constantine I, AE3, 327-328, Constantinople, Officina 2
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Rosette and laurel-diademed head right
LIBERT_A_S-PVBLICA
Victory standing facing in galley, head left, wreath in each hand
B in left field
CONS in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.50g
RIC VII, 25 (R2)


Constantine II, AE3, 327-328, Constantinopolis, Officina 3
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top row pellets without blocks or arches, bottom rows empty blocks, top row flared edges, ramp at base
G in left field
CONS in exergue
RIC VII, 27 (R1)


Constantius II, AE3, 327-328, Constantinopolis, Officina 6
FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top row arches and pellets in blocks, bottom row empty blocks, slightly extended roofline, slight ramp at base
S in left field
CONS in exergue
19mm x 22mm, 2.53g
RIC VII, 28 (R1)


Constantius II, AE3, 327-328, Constantinopolis, Officina 6
FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top row pellets in blocks, bottom row empty blocks, slightly extended roofline and baseline
S in left field
CONS in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 2.71g
RIC VII, 28 (R1)


Constantius II, AE3, 327-328, Constantinopolis, Officina 6
FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with eight rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top row blocks and pellets, bottom row empty blocks, extended roofline, slight ramp at base
S in left field
CONS in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.50g
RIC VII, 28 (R1)


Constantine I, AE3, 328, Constantinople, Officina 2
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Plain-diademed (bands adorned with pearls and jewels with small forehead jewel) head right, looking upwards
CONSTANTINI_ANA DAFNE
Victory seated left on cippus, palm in each hand, head right, shield on ground, trophy in front at the foot of which kneels captive
B in left field
CONS in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.41g
RIC VII, 31 (--) (Unattested officina)

Note: Unattested for officina 2 in RIC. RIC footnotes on p. 574 "The distinction between the plain diadem and rosette diadem is at times rather arbitrary. Diadems, structurally consisting of bands adorned with pearls and jewels and with small forehead jewel, if any, have been classified as plain diadems. Altogether the author has classified 28 different diadems for this reverse type."


Constantine I, AE3, 328, Constantinople, Officina 1 (?)
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Plain and pearl-diademed with large forehead jewel, draped, cuirassed bust right
CONSTANTINI_ANA DAFNE
Victory seated left on cippus, palm in each hand, head right, shield on ground, trophy in front at the foot of which kneels captive
A (?) in left field
CONS in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.56g
RIC VII, 34 (R5 for type)

Note: Unattested for officina 1 in RIC. RIC footnotes on p. 574 "The distinction between the plain diadem and rosette diadem is at times rather arbitrary. Diadems, structurally consisting of bands adorned with pearls and jewels and with small forehead jewel, if any, have been classified as plain diadems. Altogether the author has classified 28 different diadems for this reverse type."


Constantine I, AE3, 328, Constantinople, Officina 4
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Plain and laurel-diademed with no forehead jewel, draped, cuirassed bust right
CONSTANTINI_ANA DAFNE
Victory seated left on cippus, palm branch in each hand, head right, shield on ground, trophy in front at the foot of which kneels captive
D in left field
CONS in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.39g
RIC VII, 34 (R5 for type)

Note: Unattested for officina 4 in RIC


Constantine I, AE3, 328, Constantinople, Officina 5
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Plain-diademed with forehead jewel, draped, cuirassed bust right
CONSTANTINI_ANA DAFNE
Victory seated left on cippus, palm branch in each hand, head right, shield on ground, trophy in front at the foot of which kneels captive
E in left field
CONS in exergue
20mm, 3.45g
RIC VII, 34 (R5 for type)

Note: Unattested for officina 5 in RIC


Constantine I, AE3, 328, Constantinople, Officina 1
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Plain-diademed with large forehead jewel, draped, cuirassed bust right
CONSTANTINI_ANA DAFNE
Victory seated left on cippus, standard (?) in right hand, palm branch in left, head right, shield on ground, trophy in front at the foot of which kneels captive
A in left field
CONS in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.39g
RIC VII, 34v (R5 for type)

Note: Unattested for officina 1 in RIC and Victory described as holding palm in each hand


Constantine I, AE3, 328, Constantinople, Officina 1
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Plain and laurel-diademed with large forehead jewel, draped, cuirassed bust right
CONSTANTINI_ANA DAFNE
Victory seated left on cippus, scepter and palm in right hand, palm branch in left, head right, shield on ground, trophy in front at the foot of which kneels captive
A in left field
CONS in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.13g
RIC VII, 34v (R5 for type)

Note: Unattested for officina 1 in RIC and Victory described as holding palm in each hand


Constantine I, AE3, 328, Constantinople, Officina 7
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Plain and laurel-diademed with large forehead jewel, draped, cuirassed bust right
CONSTANTINI_ANA DAFNE
Victory seated left on cippus, palm branch in each hand, head right, shield on ground, trophy in front at the foot of which kneels captive
Z in left field
CONS in exergue
19mm, 3.18g
RIC VII, 34 (R5)


Constantine I, AE3, 328, Constantinople, Officina 2
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Rosette-diademed with large forehead jewel, draped, cuirassed bust right
CONSTANTINI_ANA DAFNE
Victory seated left on cippus, palm branch in each hand, head right, shield on ground, trophy in front at the foot of which kneels captive
B in left field
CONS in exergue
19mm x 21mm, 3.22g
RIC VII, 35 (R1)


Constantine I, AE3, 328, Constantinople, Officina 7
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Rosette-diademed (?) with large forehead jewel, draped, cuirassed bust right
CONSTANTINI_ANA DAFNE
Victory seated left on cippus, palm branch in each hand, head right, shield on ground, trophy in front at the foot of which kneels captive
Z in left field
CONS in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.01g
RIC VII, 35 (R1)


Constantine I, AE3, 328, Constantinople, Officina 7
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Laurel and rosette-diadem with large forehead jewel, draped, cuirassed bust right
CONSTANTINI_ANA DAFNE
Victory seated left on cippus, palm branch in each hand, head right, shield on ground, trophy in front at the foot of which kneels captive
Z in left field
CONS in exergue
19mm, 3.53g
RIC VII, 35 (R1)
Ex Gorny & Mosch, Auction 159-162, Lot 3073, October 2007


Constantine I, AE3, 328-329, Constantinople, Officina 4
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Rosette-diademed with large forehead jewel, draped, cuirassed bust right
CONSTANTINI_ANA DAFNE
Victory seated left on cippus, palm branch in each hand, head right, shield on ground, trophy in front at the foot of which kneels captive
D in left field
CONS* in exergue
19mm, 2.89g
RIC VII, 38 (R2)


Constantine I, AE3, 328-329, Constantinople, Officina 5
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Rosette-diademed with large forehead jewel, draped, cuirassed bust right
CONSTANTINI_ANA DAFNE
Victory seated left on cippus, palm branch in each hand, head right, shield on ground, trophy in front at the foot of which kneels captive
E in left field
CONS* in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.19g
RIC VII, 38 (R3)


Constantius II, AE3, 328-329, Constantinopolis, Officina 6
FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top row blocks and dots, bottom row empty blocks
V in left field
CONS* in exergue
RIC VII, 40 (R3)


Constantius II, AE3, 328-329, Constantinopolis, Officina 6
FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with nine rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top row blocks and dots, bottom row empty blocks
V in left field
CONS* in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.85g
RIC VII, 40 (R3)
Ex CNG, Electronic Auction 134, Lot 452, March 2006


Anonymous Issue during the reign of Constantine I, AE3, 330-333, Constantinople, Officina 11
VRBS-ROMA
Helmet with plume, bust of Roma left in imperial mantle
(Anepigraphic)
She-wolf standing left, suckling twins
* * above
CONSIA in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 1.89g
RIC VII, 62 (R1)


Delmatius, AE4, 336-337, Constantinople, Officina 10
FL DELMATIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS
Two soldiers standing facing each other, spear in outer hand, inner hand resting on shield, one standard between them with O and center pellet on banner
CONSI in exergue
15mm x 17mm, 1.49g
RIC VII, 141 (R1)


Delmatius, AE4, 336-337, Constantinople, Officina 10
FL DELMATIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS
Two soldiers standing facing each other, spear in outer hand, inner hand resting on shield, one standard between them with O and center pellet on banner
CONSI in exergue
15mm, 1.43g
RIC VII, 141 (R1)


Anonymous Issue during the time of Constantine I, AE3, 336-337, Constantinople, Officina 9
CONSTAN_TINOPOLI
Laureate, helmeted bust of Constantinople left in imperial mantle, reversed spear in left hand
GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS
Two soldiers standing facing each other, spear in outer hand, inner hand resting on shield, one standard between them with O and center pellet on banner
CONSZ in exergue
15mm x 17mm, 1.59g
RIC VII, 144 (R3)


Hanniballianus, AE3, 336-337, Constantinople, Officina 6
FL HANNIBALLIANO REGI
Bare head, draped, cuirassed bust right
SE_CVRITAS PVBLICA
Euphrates reclining right on ground, leaning on scepter in right hand, urn at side, reed in background
CONSS in exergue
14mm x 16mm, 1.08g
RIC VII, 147 (R2)


Hanniballianus, AE3, 336-337, Constantinople, Officina 6
FL HANNIBALLIANO REGI
Bare head, draped, cuirassed bust right
SE_CVRITAS PVBLICA
Euphrates reclining right on ground, leaning on scepter in right hand, urn at side, reed in background
CONSS in exergue
16mm, 1.93g
RIC VII, 147 (R2)