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Roman Imperial: Constantine and Licinius - Nicomedia Mint


Constantine I, AE Follis, 313-317, Nicomedia, Officina 7
IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Laureate head right
IOVI CONS_ERVATORI
Jupiter standing facing, head left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, vertical scepter in left hand, Victory on globe in right, eagle standing left, head reverted, wreath in beak at feet to left
Z in right field
SMN in exergue
19mm x 21mm, 3.14g
RIC VII, 12 (R2)


Licinius I, AE Follis, 313-317, Nicomedia, Officina 5
IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right
IOVI CONS_ERVATORI
Jupiter standing facing, head left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, vertical scepter in left hand, Victory on globe in right, eagle standing left, head reverted, wreath in beak at feet to left
E in right field
SMN in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 3.95g
RIC VII, 13 (R2)


Licinius I, AE3, 317-320, Nicomedia, Officina 2
IMP LICI_NIVS AVG
Laureate bust left in imperial mantle, mappa in right hand, globe and scepter in left
IOVI CONS_ERVATORI AVGG
Jupiter standing facing, head left, naked but for chlamys across left shoulder, Victory on globe in right hand, scepter in left
Palm | B across fields
SMN in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.06g
RIC VII, 24 (R2)


Licinius I, AE3, 317-320, Nicomedia, Officina 3
IMP LICI_NIVS AVG
Laureate bust left in imperial mantle, mappa in right hand, globe and scepter in left
IOVI CONS_ERVATORI AVGG
Jupiter standing facing, head left, naked but for chlamys across left shoulder, Victory on globe in right hand, scepter in left
Palm | G across fields
SMN in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 2.69g
RIC VII, 24 (R1)


Licinius I, AE3, 317-320, Nicomedia, Officina 7
IMP LICI_NIVS AVG
Laureate bust left in imperial mantle, mappa in right hand, globe and scepter in left
IOVI CONS_ERVATORI AVGG
Jupiter standing facing, head left, naked but for chlamys across left shoulder, Victory on globe in right hand, scepter in left
Palm | Z across fields
SMN in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 3.94g
RIC VII, 24 (R2)


Licinius II, AE3, 317-320, Nicomedia, Officina 1
VA CO LICI_NIVS N CS
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left, seen from behind
IOVI CONS_ERVATORI AVGG
Jupiter standing facing, head left, naked but for chlamys across left shoulder, Victory on globe in right hand, scepter in left
Palm | A across fields
SMN in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.84g
RIC VII, 27 (--)

Note: This coin is only attested for officina 3 and 6 in RIC, with only one example known from each of those two officinae (R5). Also, RIC lists this as B4l bust type, however, RIC 30 is also listed as B4l and shown on Plate 20 clearly as B3l. Either RIC 25-30 are all misdescribed as B4l but actually all are B3l or there are two different bust types for this issue. Interestingly, on RIC VII p.595 of the introduction to the coinage of Nicomedia, the B4 left bust type is specifically listed. This coin clearly shows the bust type from the back, with the shoulder position far left, so this creates some confusion as to what the authors of RIC actually observed.

Also note - this is the only coin to use Licinius II's abbreviated CO(nstantinus) name and happened immediately after Civil War I and only at this mint. The combination of the caesar obverse and augustus reverse would often indicate a mule of two dies, however, this extremely rare series, with highly unorthodox and irregular legends for Licinius II, Crispus and Constantine II can be explained as an emergency arrangement of what will next become the standard type with normal legends for the caesars and CAESS reverse legend for this reverse type.


Constantine II, AE3, 317-320, Nicomedia, Officina 2
D N FL CL CONSTANTINVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Jupiter standing facing, head left, naked but for chlamys across left shoulder, Victory on globe in right hand, scepter in left
Palm | . / B across fields
SMN in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 3.16g
RIC VII, 36 (R4)
Ex Vel Garnett Collection


Licinius I, AE3, 317-320, Nicomedia, Officina 1
IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
IOVI CONS_ERVATORI
Jupiter standing left, naked but for chlamys across left shoulder, Victory on globe in right hand, eagle-tipped scepter in left, eagle with wreath in beak at feet to left, bound captive at feet to right
X / IIG in right field
SMNA in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 2.64g
RIC VII, 44 (R1)


Licinius I, Argenteus?, 317-320, Nicomedia, Officina 1
IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
IOVI CONS_ERVATORI
Jupiter standing left, naked but for chlamys across left shoulder, Victory on globe in right hand, eagle-tipped scepter in left, eagle with wreath in beak at feet to left, bound captive at feet to right
X / IIΓ in right field
SMNA in exergue
19mm, 2.89g
cf. RIC VII, 44 (R1)

Note: This doesn't look cast, as the surfaces are decent and in general the edges look struck. There is one smooth area on the edge which could have been where a casting sprue was located, or where the coin was mounted in jewelry. The obverse is relatively sharp, but the reverse is flat and mushy. I have not been able to locate any other examples, so I'm not sure if this was a one-off copy; fantasy type  for experimentation; or specifically made for a piece of jewelry.

Here is a thread I started on ancients.info to solicit input: http://ancients.info/forums/showthread.php?threadid=3412


Licinius II, AE3, 317-320, Nicomedia, Officina 1
D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C
Helmeted, cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over shoulder, shield in left
IOVI CONS_ERVATORI
Jupiter standing left, naked but for chlamys across left shoulder, Victory on globe in right hand, eagle-tipped scepter in left, eagle with wreath in beak at feet to left, bound captive at feet to right
X / IIG in right field
SMNA in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 2.33g
RIC VII, 49 (R1)


Constantine I, AE3, 324-325, Nicomedia, Officina 3
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
Laureate head right
PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG
Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMNG in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.92g
RIC VII, 90 (R2)


Constantine I, AE3, 324-325, Nicomedia, Officina 4
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
Laureate head right
PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG
Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMND in exergue
19mm, 3.02g
RIC VII, 90 (R1)


Constantine I, AE3, 324-325, Nicomedia, Officina 4
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
Laureate head right
PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG
Campgate with five rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks, ramp at base
SMND in exergue
19mm, 3.16g
RIC VII, 90 variant (R1)

Note: Footnote on RIC VII p.615 describes two examples from officina B in Vienna collection with ramp at base, although the archway cuts through the base on their examples whereas it does not on this example.


Constantine I, AE3, 324-325, Nicomedia, Officina 5
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
Laureate head right
PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG
Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMNE in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.23g
RIC VII, 90 (R1)


Crispus, AE3, 324-325, Nicomedia, Officina 2
FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMNB in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.34g
RIC VII, 91 (R2)


Crispus, AE3, 324-325, Nicomedia, Officina 2
FL IVL CRIS_PVS NOB CAE
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMNB in exergue
RIC VII, -- (cf. RIC 91-92)

Note: The obverse is a mix of #91 and #92, with the long legend of 91, but the bust type and legend break of 92. The S in CAES is missing, since the celator ran out of room, as it was supposed to terminate in NOB C.


Crispus, AE3, 324-325, Nicomedia, Officina 2
FL IVL CRIS_PVS NOB CAE
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMNB in exergue
18mm, 2.67g
RIC VII, -- (cf. RIC 91-92)
Ex Civitas Galleries, Central States Show-Chicago, April 2008

Note: The obverse is a mix of #91 and #92, with the long legend of 91, but the bust type and legend break of 92. The S in CAES is missing, since the celator ran out of room, as it was supposed to terminate in NOB C. Amazingly enough, the obverse die is the same as the previous coin, but paired with a different reverse die!


Constantine II, AE3, 324-325, Nicomedia, Officina 4
FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMND in exergue
19mm, 4.04g
RIC VII, 94 (R1)
Ex CNG, Electronic Auction 134, Lot 452, March 2006


Fausta, AE3, 324-325, Nicomedia, Officina 1
FLAV MAX-FAVSTA AVG
Head bare, waved hair, coil at back of neck with tight braid between two ties of pearls, mantled bust right wearing pearl necklace
SALVS REI_PVBLICAE
Fausta, veiled, standing facing, head left, holding Constantine II and Constantius II
SMNA in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.95g
RIC VII, 96 (R3)

Consignor notes: VF, well-centered, earthen patina.


Fausta, AE3, 324-325, Nicomedia, Officina 2
FLAV MAX-FAVSTA AVG
Head bare, waved hair, coil at back of neck with tight braid between two ties of pearls, mantled bust right wearing pearl necklace
SALVS REI_PVBLICAE
Fausta, veiled, standing facing, head left, holding Constantine II and Constantius II
SMNB in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 2.89g
RIC VII, 96 (R4)


Fausta, AE3, 324-325, Nicomedia, Officina 2
FLAV MAX-FAVSTA AVG
Head bare, waved hair, coil at back of neck with tight braid between two ties of pearls, mantled bust right wearing pearl necklace
SPES REIP_VBLICAE
Fausta, veiled, standing facing, head left, holding Constantine II and Constantius II
SMNB in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.18g
RIC VII, 97 (R4)


Constantine I, AE3, 324-325, Nicomedia, Officina 4
(No legend)
Laureate head right
CONSTAN / TINVS / AVG
Legend in three lines, wreath above
SMND in exergue
17mm x 18mm, 2.13g
RIC VII, 98 (--) (Unattested officina)
Ex Amphora Coins, VCoins, June 2008

Note: Although this anepigraphic series was issued from several mints in bronze, at Nicomedia, there is only an unique example from officina B cited in Vienna, Bundessammlung von Münzen und Medaillen, Kunsthist Museum. It is also for Constantine I and no other issuer was known at the time RIC VII was written in 1966. I have personally handled many examples of from this series from the Antioch mint, and occasionally Thessalonica and Rome, but this specimen is the first I've seen from Nicomedia available from any venue.


Constantine I, AE3, 325-326, Nicomedia, Officina 1
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
Laureate head right
PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG
Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
MNA in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 3.25g
RIC VII, 121 (C1)
Ex Vel Garnett Collection


Constantine II, AE3, 325-326, Nicomedia, Officina 3
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
MNG in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 2.81g
RIC VII, 123 (R1)
Ex Vel Garnett Collection


Constantius II, AE3, 325-326, Nicomedia, Officina 4
FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAES .
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
MND in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 3.41g
RIC VII, 128 (C1)


Helena, AE3, 325-326, Nicomedia, Officina 6
FL HELENA-AVGVSTA
Pearl-diademed, mantled bust right, wearing pearl necklace, Magnia Urbica fashion hair style, diadem as broad band decorated with a single string of pearls
SECVRITAS-REIPVBLICE
Securitas standing facing, head left, branch downward in right hand, raising robe with left
MNS in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.90g
RIC VII, 129 (R4)


Fausta, AE3, 325-326, Nicomedia, Officina 3
FLAV MAX-FAVSTA AVG
Bare head, mantled bust right, wearing necklace, hair waved in rows and tucked into small bun at back of head
SPES REI_PVBLICAE
Fausta, veiled, standing facing, head left, holding Constantine II and Constantius II as children
MNG in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.79g
RIC VII, 131 (R3)


Constantine I, AV Solidus, 327, Nicomedia
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
Victory advancing left, trophy in right hand, palm in left
SMNC in exergue
21mm, 4.27g
RIC VII 139 (this coin); Depeyrot 40/1 (this coin)
Ex Schulman, October 21, 1935, Lot 48

A coin of unusual style, atypical of the normal Nicomedia issues. RIC footnotes on p.622-3 "Crude work, the portrait particularly looks odd with its straggling hair and the globular ends of the individual curls, m.m. crudely engraved. The rev. legend suggests a date before the tricennial year as in Antioch, but the rev. type does not fit into the Nicomedian gallery of images. Hesitantly the present writer accepts these coins as genuine. Similar coin struck with m.m. SMTS but with bust E4 without obv. legend; Hirsch coin noted on the plate as silver, in the catalogue as gold; the weight 4.27 gm. indicates solidus standard."

The Hirsch specimen in the footnote is Hirsch xxxiv, 1558. Depeyrot evidently considered it genuine as he included it in his work.

Note - The obverse legend is indeed MAX, although the M is clumsily executed and looks like an N, except for the right leg being a touch thicker and obviously meant to have been an M.

The exergue is quite interesting - in hand it is quite clearly SMNA with C over A. The C is higher than the other letters, explained by the recut of just that letter in the die. The top serif and bottom two serifs are all visible of the undertype. Perhaps the original exergual mark of SMNA will help firmly date the coin. It certainly adds mystery to an already unusual piece!


Constantine II, AE3, End of 326-327, Nicomedia, Officina 3
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAES .
Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
NG in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.80g
RIC VII, 146 (R2)


Constantius II, AE3, End of 326-327, Nicomedia, Officina 6
FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAES .
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
NS in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.01g
RIC VII, 147 (R2)
Ex Vel Garnett Collection


Constantine I, AE3, 328-329, Nicomedia, Officina 2
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
Pearl-diademed head right
PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks, slightly extended roofline
SMNB in exergue
19mm, 3.08g
RIC VII, 153 (C1)


Constantine I, AE3, 328-329, Nicomedia, Officina 3
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
Pearl-diademed head right
PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG
Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMNG in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.99g
RIC VII, 153 (S)


Constantine I, AE3, 328-329, Nicomedia, Officina 6
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
Pearl-diademed head right
PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG
Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMNS in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 2.84g
RIC VII, 153 (R1)


Constantine I, AE3, c.328-329 (?), Nicomedia, Officina 6
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
Pearl-diademed head right
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAES .
Campgate with five rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMNS in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.06g
RIC VII, --
Ex Keith Metzer Collection, April 2006

Note: Mule of Constantine I obverse and a caesar reverse.


Constantine II, AE3, 328-329, Nicomedia, Officina 3
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAES .
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMNG in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.76g
RIC VII, 157 (R5)

Note: The celator for the legend on the reverse engraved the letters too large and needed to squeeze the N above the left turret, requiring a letter about half the size of the rest of the legend. The T on the other size is similarly cheated for size.


Constantine II, AE3, c.328-329, Nicomedia, Officina 1
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Plain band diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAES .
Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMNA in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.14g
RIC VII, -- (cf. RIC 157, but unlisted with diademed bust type)
Ex Glenn Woods, ANA Show Milwaukee, August 2007

Note: Footnote on p.626 for RIC 154 (Constantine I) which states: "Plain undecorated band-diadem in officina A" (unique example found in Copenhagen museum). Perhaps the celator at officina A had different instructions on what portraiture to use?


Constantine II, AE3, c.328-329 (?), Nicomedia, Officina 6
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAES
Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMNS in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.67g
RIC VII, -- (cf. RIC 157, but missing large pellet at the end of the CAES where the pellet is assumed to represent the other caesar, as the issue is RIC 157 for Constantine II and 158 for Constantius II)
Ex Cameleon Coins, eBay, February 2006

Note: Footnote on p.626 for RIC 158 (Constantius II) which states: "NaH: 3 off. B, 6 off. delta, of which 1 without dot in rev. legend, 2 off. E, 8 off. S, 3 of which without dot. Another similar in V (off. S), Due to engraver's slip or wear?"


Constantius II, AE3, 328-329, Nicomedia, Officina 2
FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAES .
Campgate with eight rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMNB in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.80g
RIC VII, 158 (R1)
Ex Keith Metzer Collection, October 2003


Constantius II, AE3, 328-329, Nicomedia, Officina 4
FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAES .
Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMND in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.15g
RIC VII, 158 (R1)
Ex Keith Metzer Collection, October 2003


Constantius II, AE3, c.328-329 (?), Nicomedia, Officina 2
FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAES .
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMNB in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 3.20g
RIC VII, -- (cf. RIC 158, but bare-headed bust type)
Ex CNG Electronic Auction 134, Lot 452, March 2006

Note: Footnote on p.626 states: "1 coin of off. delta and S in V appear to have bare-headed obv. busts"


Constantine I, AE3, 330-335, Nicomedia, Officina 4
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS
Two soldiers standing facing, helmeted heads turned toward each other, reversed spear in outer hand, inner hand resting on shield, two standards between them with pellet on banner
SMND in exergue
17mm, 2.24g
RIC VII, 188 (C1)
Ex Gorny & Mosch, Auction 159-162, Lot 3073, October 2007


Constantius II, AE3, 330-335, Nicomedia, Officina 5
FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS
Two soldiers standing facing, helmeted heads turned toward each other, reversed spear in outer hand, inner hand resting on shield, two standards between them with pellet on banner
SMNE in exergue
17mm x 19mm, 2.20g
RIC VII, 191 (R2)
Ex Gorny & Mosch, Auction 159-162, Lot 3073, October 2007


Anonymous Issue during the reign of Constantine I, AE3, 330-335, Nicomedia, Officina 5
VRBS-ROMA
Helmet with plume, bust of Roma left in imperial mantle
(No legend)
She-wolf standing left, suckling twins, two stars above
. / . / . in upper center field
SMNE in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.55g
RIC VII, 195 (R1)

Consignor notes: EF. Exceptional. Near FDC. Portrait done in a realistic style rarely seen from this time period.


Anonymous Issue during the reign of Constantine I, AE3, 330-335, Nicomedia, Officina 6
VRBS-ROMA
Helmet with plume, bust of Roma left in imperial mantle
(Anepigraphic)
She-wolf standing left, suckling twins, two stars above
. / . / . in upper center field
SMNS in exergue
17mm x 18mm, 2.44g
RIC VII, 195 (R1)


Anonymous Issue during the reign of Constantine I, AE3, 330-335, Nicomedia, Officina 2
CONSTAN_TINOPOLI
Laureate, helmeted bust of Constantinople left in imperial mantle, scepter over left shoulder
(Anepigraphic)
Victory standing facing on prow, head left, scepter in right hand, left hand on shield
SMNB in exergue
16mm x 18mm, 2.85g
RIC VII, 196 (C1)


Constantine I, AE4, 336-337, Nicomedia, Officina 5
CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG
Plain and laurel-diademed with large forehead jewel, draped, cuirassed bust right
GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS
Two soldiers standing facing, helmeted heads turned toward each other, spear in outer hand, inner hand resting on shield, one standard between them with O and pellet on banner
SMNE in exergue
16mm x 17mm, 1.94g
RIC VII, 199 variant (S)

Note: Variant for bust type - the footnote for 199 on p. 635 describe "diadems both with pearls and rosettes and laurels and rosettes". This example does not have rosettes.


Delmatius, AE4, 336-337, Nicomedia, Officina 5
FL DELMATIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS
Two soldiers standing facing each other, spear in outer hand, inner hand resting on shield, one standard between them with O on banner
SMNE in exergue
15mm x 16mm, 1.88g
RIC VII, 204 (R4)