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Roman Imperial: Constantine and Licinius - Rome Mint


Constantine I, AE Follis, 313, Rome, Officina 1
IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
SOLI IN_VI_CTO COMITI
Sol, radiate, standing facing, head left, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right hand raised, globe in left
R | F across fields
RP in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 3.50g
RIC VII, 2 (C1)

Note: This series breaks as _I_ but is footnoted with _VI_ for officinae P, S and T in Delos Hoard


Constantine I, AE Half Follis, 313, Rome, Officina 1
IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Bare head right
FVNDA_T PACIS
Mars, helmeted, nude but for chlamys flying behind, advancing right, head left, trophy in left hand over shoulder, dragging captive with right
RP in exergue
16mm x 17mm, 1.78g
RIC VII, 12 (R2)


Constantine I, AE Half Follis, 313, Rome, Officina 1
IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Bare head right
GLORIA-P_E_RPET
Two Victories advancing right, wreath upward in right hand, vexillum between them
RP in exergue
16mm, 1.29g
RIC VII, 14 (R3)


Constantine I, AE Follis, 314, Rome, Officina 2
IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INV_I_CTO COMITI
Sol, radiate, standing facing, head left, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right hand raised, globe in left
R | F across fields
R*S in exergue
21mm x 23mm, 2.83g
RIC VII, 19 (C3)
Ex Vel Garnett Collection


Constantine I, AE Follis, 314, Rome, Officina 2
IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
SOLI IN_V_ICTO COMITI
Sol, radiate, standing left, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right hand raised, globe in left
R | F across fields
R*S in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 2.79g
RIC VII, 19 (C3)

Note: This series breaks as _I_ but is footnoted with _V_ for officina 4 in Vienna


Constantine I, AE Follis, 314, Rome, Officina 2
IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
SOLI IN_V_ICTO COMITI
Sol, standing facing, radiate head left, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right hand raised, globe in left
R | F across fields
R*S in exergue
20mm x 22mm, 4.29g
RIC VII, 19 (C3)

Note: This series breaks as _I_ but is footnoted with _V_ for officina 4 in Vienna. Also, the reverse legend was recut over a different legend, with some letters visible underneath.


Licinius I, AE Follis, 314, Rome, Officina 2
IMP LICINIVS P F AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INV_I_CTO COMITI
Sol, radiate, standing left, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right hand raised, globe in left
R | F across fields
R*S in exergue
21mm x 22mm, 2.74g
RIC VII, 23 (C2)


Constantine I, AE Follis, 314, Rome, Officina 1
IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INV_I_CTO COMITI
Sol, radiate, standing facing, head left, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right hand raised, globe in left
R / X | F across fields
RP in exergue
20mm x 22mm, 3.15g
RIC VII, 27 (C3)


Constantine I, AE Follis, 315, Rome, Officina 1
IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INV_I_CTO COMITI
Sol, radiate, standing left, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right hand raised, globe outward in left
S | F across fields
RT in exergue
17mm x 20mm, 2.52g
RIC VII, 33 (C3)

Consignor notes: aVF, earthen patina.


Licinius I, AE3, 315, Rome, Officina 2
IMP LICINIVS P F AVG
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INV_I_CTO COMITI
Sol, radiate, standing left, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right hand raised, globe in left
S | F across fields
RS in exergue
17mm x 18mm, 2.93g
RIC VII, 35 (R2)


Constantine I, AE3, 316-317, Rome, Officina 3
IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
SOLI IN_VI_CTO COMITI
Sol, radiate, standing facing, head left, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right hand raised, globe in left, bound captive wearing Phrygian cap to left
RT in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 2.73g
RIC VII, 52 (R1)


Constantine I, AE3, 316-317, Rome, Officina 3
IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INV_I_CTO COMITI
Sol, radiate, standing left, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right hand raised, globe in left
RT in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 2.20g
RIC VII, 57 (C3)


Constantine II, AE3, 317, Rome, Officina 2
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB CAES
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
CLARITAS-R_EIPVBLICAE
Sol, radiate, advancing left, right hand raised, whip in left, chlamys over left shoulder flying
A in left field
RS in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.44g
RIC VII, 84 (R4)


Constantine II, AE3, 317, Rome, Officina 1
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB CAES
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
CLARITA_S R_EIPVBLICAE
Sol, radiate, advancing left, right hand raised, whip in left, chlamys over left shoulder flying
A in left field
RP in exergue
19mm, 2.90g
RIC VII, 84 (R4)


Constantine I, AE Follis, 317-318, Rome, Officina 2
IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INV_I_CTO COMITI
Sol, radiate, standing left, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right hand raised, globe in left
Wreath in left field
RS in exergue
19mm x 21mm, 2.80g
RIC VII, 97 (R3)
Ex Vel Garnett Collection


Divus Maximianus, AE Follis, 317-318, Rome, Officina 3
DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP
Laureate, veiled head right
REQVIES OP_TIMOR MERIT
Emperor veiled, seated and looking left, on curule bench, baton in left hand, right hand raised
RT in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.95g
RIC VII, 104 (R3)

Note: The average weight from RIC for the #104-106 series is 3.09g and footnoted as probably a full weight follis.


Divus Claudius II, AE Follis, 317-318, Rome, Officina 1
DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP
Laureate, veiled head of Claudius II right
REQVIES OP_TIMOR MERIT
Emperor, veiled, seated left in curule chair, right hand raised, short scepter in left
RP in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 2.81g
RIC VII, 106 (R1)
Ex Tony Hardy Collection


Divus Maximianus, AE Half Follis (or possibly 1-1/2 scripula), 317-318, Rome, Officina 1
DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP
Laureate, veiled head of Maximianus right
MEMORIAE AETERNAE
Eagle, wings spread, standing right, head left
RP in exergue
15mm x 16mm, 2.01g
RIC VII, 110 (R3)


Roman Imperial, Divus Maximianus, AE Half Follis (or possibly 1-1/2 scripula), 317-318, Rome, Officina 1
DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP
Laureate, veiled head of Maximianus right
MEMORIAE AETERNAE
Eagle, wings spread, standing right, head left
RP in exergue
14mm x 15mm, 2.21g
RIC VII, 110 (R3)


Divus Claudius II, AE Half Follis (or possibly 1-1/2 scripula), 317-318, Rome, Officina 1
DIVO CLAVDIO OPT IMP
Laureate, veiled head of Claudius II right
MEMORIAE AETERNAE
Eagle, wings spread, standing right, head left
RP in exergue
15mm x 16mm, 1.58g
RIC VII, 112 (R3)


Divus Claudius II, AE Half Follis, 317-318, Rome, Officina 2
DIVO CLAVDIO OPT IMP
Laureate, veiled head of Claudius II right
MEMORIAE AETERNAE
Eagle, wings spread, standing right, head left
RS in exergue
16mm x 17mm, 1.53g
RIC VII, 112 (R1)


Divus Claudius II, AE Half Follis (or possibly 1-1/2 scripula), 317-318, Rome, Officina 2
DIVO CLAVDIO OPT IMP
Laureate, veiled head of Claudius II right
MEMORIAE AETERNAE
Eagle, wings spread, standing left, head right
RS in exergue
17mm x 18mm, 2.40g
RIC VII, 116 (R4)


Roman Imperial, Divus Maximianus, AE Half Follis (or possibly 1-1/2 scripula), 317-318, Rome, Officina 1
DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP
Laureate, veiled head of Maximianus right
MEMORIAE AETERNAE
Lion advancing right, tail low, club in upper middle field
RP in exergue
14mm x 16mm, 1.83g
RIC VII, 120 (R3)


Divus Maximianus, AE Half Follis (or possibly 1-1/2 scripula), 317-318, Rome, Officina 4 (?)
DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP
Laureate, veiled head of Maximianus right
MEMORIAE AETERNAE
Lion advancing right, tail high
Club in upper middle field
RQ (?) in exergue
15mm x 16mm, 2.36g
RIC VII, 120 (R3)

Note: The average weight from RIC for the #107-128 series varies by reverse type, but all are footnoted as possibly being half folles or probably 1-1/2 scripula.


Divus Maximianus, AE Half Follis (or possibly 1-1/2 scripula), 317-318, Rome, Officina 3
DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP
Laureate, veiled head of Maximianus right
M_EMORIAE AETERNAE
Lion advancing right, tail low
RT in exergue
14mm x 15mm, 1.68g
RIC VII, 123 (R2)
Ex Tony Hardy Collection

Note: RIC only lists one example with the M_E reverse legend break, on officina P in Ashmolean Museum.


Divus Constantius I, AE Half Follis (or possibly 1-1/2 scripula), 317-318, Rome, Officina 4
DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINC
Laureate, veiled head of Constantius I right
MEMORIAE AETERNAE
Lion advancing right, tail high
RQ in exergue
16mm x 17mm, 2.33g
RIC VII, 124 (R4)


Crispus, AE3, 318, Rome, Officina 2
CRISPVS NOBIL CAES
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
PRINCIPIA I_VVENTVTIS
Mars, helmeted, standing facing, head right, nude but for spread chlamys behind, reversed spear in right hand, left hand resting on large shield
T within wreath in left field
RS in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 3.01g
RIC VII, 135 variant (R5 for type)

Note: RIC describes the reverse figure as Crispus instead of Mars, but that just seems odd to me. Also, RIC lists the reverse legend break on the single known example of this coin as A-I (Vienna).


Constantine I, AE3, 318, Rome, Officina 3
IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
SOLI IN_V_ICTO COMITI
Sol, radiate, standing facing, head left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, right hand raised, globe in left turned outward
T within wreath in left field
RT in exergue
19mm x 21mm, 2.83g
RIC VII, 136 (R2)


Licinius I, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 1
IMP LI_CINIVS AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust right
ROMAE A_ETERNAE
Roma seated right on shield, inscribing X / V on shield on her lap
P | R across fields
RP in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.35g
RIC VII, 151 (R3)


Licinius I, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 1
IMP LIC_INIVS AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust right
ROMAE A_ETERNAE
Roma seated right on shield, inscribing X / V on shield on her lap
P | R across fields
RP in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 3.43g
RIC VII, 151 (R3)


Constantine II, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 1
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
ROMAE A_ETERNAE
Roma seated right on shield, inscribing X / V on shield on her lap
P | R across fields
RP in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.02g
RIC VII, 156 (R3)


Constantine II, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 3
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
ROMAE A_ETERNAE
Roma seated right on shield, inscribing X / V on shield on her lap
P | R across fields
RT in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.26g
RIC VII, 156 (R3)


Constantine I, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 3
CONSTA_NTINVS AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust right
VIRTV_S AVGG
Campgate with ten rows, three turrets, no doors, top and bottom rows empty blocks
P | R across fields
RT in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.05g
RIC VII, 165 (R4)
Ex Glenn Terry Collection, September 2005


Constantine I, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 1
CONS_TANT_INVS AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust left, spear pointing forward and shield in front
VIRTV_S AVGG
Campgate with seven rows, three turrets, no doors, top and bottom rows empty blocks
P | R across fields
RP in exergue
RIC VII, 168 (--) (Unattested officina)


Crispus, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 3
C_RISPVS NOB CAES
Laureate, cuirassed bust left, spear pointing forward and shield in front
VIRTV_S AVGG
Campgate with seven rows, three turrets, no doors, top and bottom rows empty blocks
P | R across fields
RT in exergue
RIC VII, 171 (--) (Unattested officina)


Constantine II, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 3
CONSTANTINV_S IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
VIRTV_S AVGG
Campgate with eleven rows, three turrets, no doors, no star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
P | R in fields
RT in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 2.95g
RIC VII, 173 (--) (Unattested officina)
Ex Melqart Coins, VCoins, April 2005


Constantine I, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 3
CONST_ANTINVS AVG
Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right
VIRTV_S AVGG
Campgate with six rows, three turrets, closed three-paneled doors with pellets, no star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
P | R in fields
RT in exergue
RIC VII, 176 (R5)


Constantine I, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 3
CONST_ANTINVS AVG
Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right
VIRTV_S AVGG
Campgate with six rows, three turrets, closed three-paneled doors with pellets inside larger archway, no star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
P | R in fields
RT in exergue
RIC VII, 176 (R5)


Constantine I, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 2
CO_NSTAN_TINVS AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust left, spear pointing forward, shield forward in left hand
VIRTV_S AVGG
Campgate with six rows, three turrets, closed doors, top and bottom rows empty blocks
P | R across fields
RS in exergue
17mm x 19mm, 2.48g
RIC VII, 177 (R5)


Constantine I, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 1
CON_STANTI_NVS AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust left, spear pointing forward and shield in front
VIRTV_S AVGG
Campgate with five rows, three turrets, closed three-paneled doors with pellets, top and bottom rows empty blocks
P | R across fields
RP in exergue
RIC VII, 178 (R5)


Constantine I, AE3, Rome, Officina 2
CONSTA_NTINVS AVG
High-crested helmet, cuirassed bust right
VIRTV_S AVGG
Campgate with six rows, three turrets, closed six-paneled doors, no star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks, curved roofline
P | R in fields
RS in exergue
RIC VII, --

Note: Bust type D7 not attested for three turret series in RIC


Constantine I, AE3, Rome, Officina 4
CONST_ANTINVS AVG
High-crested helmet, cuirassed bust right
VIRTV_S AVGG
Campgate with five rows, three turrets, closed six paneled doors, no star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
P | R in fields
RQ in exergue
RIC VII, --

Note: Bust type D7 not attested for three turret series in RIC


Crispus, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 1
CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureate, cuirassed bust left, spear pointing forward, shield to front
VIRTV_S AVGG
Campgate with six rows, three turrets with archways, closed three-paneled doors with pellets inside double archway, top and bottom rows empty blocks
P | R across fields
RP in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.22g
RIC VII, 180 (R5)


Licinius II, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 2
LICINIVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
VIRTV_S AVGG
Campgate with six rows, three turrets with archways, closed three-paneled doors with pellets inside blocked-archway, top and bottom rows empty blocks
P | R across fields
RS in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.23g
RIC VII, 182 (R3)


Constantine I, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 4
CONST_ANTINVS AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust right
VIRTV_S AVGG
Campgate with six rows, four turrets, no doors, no star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
P | R in fields
RQ in exergue
3.45g
RIC VII, 184 (R5)


Constantine I, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 1
CONST_ANTINVS AVG
Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right
VIRTV_S AVGG
Campgate with six rows, four turrets, no doors, no star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
P | R in fields
RP in exergue
RIC VII, 185
Ex Carlos Escuer, 2003

Note: Not attested for officina 1 in RIC


Constantine I, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 2
CONST_ANTINVS AVG
Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right
VIRTV_S AVGG
Campgate with twelve rows, four turrets, no doors, no star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
P | R in fields
RS in exergue
RIC VII, 185 (R5)
Ex Scott Uhrick Collection


Licinius II, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 4
LICINIVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
VIRTV_S AVGG
Campgate with seven rows, four turrets, no doors, no star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
P | R in fields
RQ in exergue
RIC VII, 189 (R5)


Licinius II, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 4
LICINIVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
VIRTV_S AVGG
Campgate with eleven rows on left side, ten rows on right side, four turrets, no doors, no star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
P | R in fields
RQ in exergue
RIC VII, 189 (R5)


Constantine II, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 3
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
VIRTV_S AVGG
Campgate with eight rows, four turrets, no doors, no star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
P | R in fields
RT in exergue
3.54g
RIC VII, -- (cf. RIC VII 184-189)
Ex Steve Santore Collection, February 2004

Note: Reverse type with four turrets and no doors not attested for Constantine I I in RIC.


Licinius I, AE3, 318-319, Rome, Officina 4
IMP LIC_I_NIVS AVG
Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right
VIRTV_S AVGG
Campgate with six rows, four turrets, open doors with line pattern, no star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
P | R in fields
RQ in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.06g
RIC VII, -- (cf. RIC 190-194)
Ex Ben Bridgwater Collection, February 2007; Ex David Connors, VCoins

Note: Reverse type with open doors not attested for Licinius I in RIC.


Crispus, AE3, 320, Rome, Officina 3 (?)
C_RISPVS NOB CAES
Laureate, cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand pointing forward, shield in left hand at front
ROMAE A_ETERNAE
Roma seated right on shield, holding shield inscribed X / V set on knee
R eros T (?) in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 2.13g
RIC VII, 197 (R5)

Notes: A explanation of the exergual mark by Gert Boersema 'this is a coin with the famous eros mintmark in the exergue. To the left and to the right the letters R and T stand for officina tertia Romae, ‘the third workshop of Rome’. The word Eros is written in Greek (EPWC), with the letters epsilon, rho and omega in a ligature. There was a pun intended: Eros translates into Latin as Amor, and amor is an anagram (and a palindrome) for Roma. The wordplay AMOR-ROMA is well attested in ancient Rome. To name but two examples: in Virgil’s Aenid (4.347) Aeneas says to Dido that the Lycean oracle commands him to go to the land of his ‘amor’. This land is of course Roma. And finally, there is the inscription from Aquincum with the palindrome Roma tibi subito motibus ibit amor.'

In hand, the officina mark is exceptionally faint, if it indeed even exists. If it is missing from a filled die, then the officina mark may be T, based on some faint lines which may be the remnants of a T. Or, less likely, the officina mark was never engraved on the die before it was used. Unlikely, but it did happen on occasion.


Constantine II, AE3, 320, Rome, Officina 1
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
ROMAE A_ETERNAE
Roma seated right on shield, holding shield inscribed X / V set on knee
R eros P in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 2.56g
RIC VII, 200 (R2)


Constantine II, AE3, c.320, Rome, Officina 4
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
ROMAE A_ETERNAE
Roma seated right on shield, holding shield inscribed X / V set on knee
. R eros Q in exergue
19mm, 3.16g
RIC VII, -- (cf. RIC VII 200 for type)
Ex Classical Numismatic Group, Website, February 2010

Note: RIC does not attest an emission with a pellet mark in either "eros" exergual series.


Crispus, AE3, 320, Rome, Officina 4
C_RISPVS NOB CAES
Laureate, cuirassed bust left, spear forward in right hand, shield forward in left
VOT X / ET XV F / RQ
Legend in two lines with mint mark on third line, all within laurel wreath terminating in large jewel 
19mm x 20mm, 2.97g
RIC VII, -- (should appear after RIC VII 207)


Licinius I, AE3, 320, Rome, Officina 1
IMP L_ICINIVS AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust right
VOT / XV FEL / XX RP
Legend in three lines with mint mark on third line, all within laurel wreath terminating in large jewel 
18mm x 19mm, 3.54g
RIC VII, 221 (R5)


Constantine II, AE3, 320-321, Rome, Officina 4
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
CAESARVM NOSTRORVM
Legend surrounding laurel wreath terminating with open circle enclosing VOT / . / V
R eros Q in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.64g
RIC VII, 231 (R5)


Crispus, AE3, 321, First Stage, Rome, Officina 3
CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
CAESARVM NOSTRORVM
Legend surrounding laurel wreath terminating with large jewel enclosing VOT / . / V
RT in exergue
22mm x 23mm, 3.47g
RIC VII, 234 (S)


Constantine II, AE3, 321, First Stage, Rome, Officina 2
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
CAESARVM NOSTRORVM
Legend surrounding laurel wreath terminating with open circle enclosing VOT / . / V
RS in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.64g
RIC VII, 236 (C1)


Constantine I, AE3, 321, Second Stage, Rome, Officina 1
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
Laureate head right
D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG
Laurel wreath with clover decoration at top, enclosing VOT / . / XX
RP in exergue
18mm, 3.00g
RIC VII, 237 (C3)


Constantine I, AE3, 321, Second Stage, Rome, Officina 4
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
Laureate head right
D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG
Laurel wreath, bands on sides, terminating with circle enclosing + with pellets in each quadrant, enclosing VOT / . / XX
RQ in exergue
17mm x 18mm, 2.47g
RIC VII, 237 (C3)


Crispus, AE3, 321, Second Stage, Rome, Officina 3
CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
CAESARVM NOSTRORVM
Legend surrounding laurel wreath terminating with large jewel enclosing VOT / X
RT in exergue
19mm x 21mm, 3.21g
RIC VII, 238 (C1)


Crispus, AE3, 321, Second Stage, Rome, Officina 2
CRISPVS-NOB CAES
Laureate head right
CAESARVM NOSTRORVM
Legend surrounding laurel wreath terminating with four-sectioned circle with pellets enclosing VOT / X
RS in exergue
17mm x 19mm, 2.72g
RIC VII, 240 (C1)


Constantine II, AE3, 321, Second Stage, Rome, Officina 3
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate head right
CAESARVM NOSTRORVM
Legend surrounding laurel wreath with bands at the sides and terminating with large clover enclosing VOT / . / X
RT in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.19g
RIC VII, 243 (C1)

RIC 264-269 includes a sub-issue, delineated by the number of dots on the reverse, with:

a  = no dots; b = dot in arch; c = dot in arch, one dot above; d = dot in arch, two dots above; e = dot in arch, three dots above.


Constantine I, AE3, 324-325, Rome, Officina 1
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
Laureate head right
PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks, one pellet in doorway
RP in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 2.07g
RIC VII, 264, sub-issue b (S)
Ex Private Collection, October 2003


Constantine I, AE3, 324-325, Rome, Officina 1
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
Laureate head right
PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks, one pellet in doorway, two pellets above
RP in exergue
RIC VII, 264, sub-issue d. (S)


Crispus, AE3, 324-325, Rome, Officina 2
FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with eight rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks, one pellet in doorway
R  S in exergue
RIC VII, 266, sub-issue b (R1)

Note: Wide space in exergue as if there should be a character between the letters


Crispus, AE3, 324-325, Rome, Officina 2
FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with eight rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks, one pellet in doorway
RS in exergue
RIC VII, 266, sub-issue b (R1)

Note: Normal exergual spacing


Constantine II, AE3, 324-325, Rome, Officina 3
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks, one pellet in doorway, two pellets above
RT in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 2.59g
RIC VII, 267, sub-issue d (S)


Constantius II, AE3, 324-325, Rome, Officina 4
FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with nine rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks, pellet in doorway, three pellets above
R Q in exergue
RIC VII, 268, sub-issue e (R3)
Ex Carlos Escuer, August 2003

Notes: Wide exergue spacing. Sub-issue e not attested in RIC for #268


Constantius II, AE3, 324-325, Rome, Officina 4
FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with nine rows on left, ten rows on right, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks, pellet in doorway, two pellets above
R Q in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.87g
RIC VII, 269, sub-issue d (R2)
Ex Gert Boersema, Vcoins, February 2007


Constantine II, AE3, 326, Rome, Officina 2
(Anepigraphic)
Rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
CONSTAN / TINVS / AVG
Legend in three lines
Wreath above
SMRS in exergue
?mm, ?g
RIC VII, 281 (R3)


Constantine II, AE3, 326, Rome, Officina 3
(Anepigraphic)
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
CONSTAN / TINVS / IVN NOB C
Legend in three lines
Wreath above
SMRT in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.55g
RIC VII, 282 (R2)


Constantius II, AE3, 326, Rome, Officina 4
(Anepigraphic)
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
CONSTAN / TIVS / NOB CAES
Legend in three lines
Wreath above
SMRQ in exergue
17mm x 18mm, 2.49g
RIC VII, 284 (R3)


Constantine I, AE3, 326, Rome, Officina 1
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
Laureate head right
PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG
Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
R wreath P in exergue
RIC VII, 287 (C1)
Ex Carlos Escuer, 2003


Constantine I, AE3, 326, Rome, Officina 1
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
Laureate head right
PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
R wreath P in exergue
RIC VII, 287 (C1)
Ex Carlos Escuer, 2003


Constantine I, AE3, 326, Rome, Officina 2
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
Laureate head right
PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
R wreath S in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.35g
RIC VII, 287 (C2)


Crispus, AE3, 326, Rome, Officina 3
FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with eight rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
R wreath T in exergue
3.03g
RIC VII, 288 (R2)
Ex Harlan J Berk, CICF show, 2003


Crispus, AE3, 326, Rome, Officina 4
FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
R wreath Q in exergue
RIC VII, 288 (R1)


Constantine II, AE3, 326, Rome, Officina 3
CONSTANTINVS INV NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
R wreath T in exergue
RIC VII, 289 (C2)
Ex Carlos Escuer, August 2003


Constantine II, AE3, 326, Rome, Officina 3
CONSTANTINVS INV NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
R wreath T in exergue
RIC VII, 289 (C2)


Constantius II, AE3, 326, Rome, Officina 4
FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
R wreath Q in exergue
RIC VII, 290 (C2)


Constantius II, AE3, 326, Rome, Officina 4
FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
R wreath Q in exergue
RIC VII, 290 (C2)


Constantius II, AE3, 326, Rome, Officina 4
FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with nine rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
R wreath Q in exergue
RIC VII, 290 (C2)


Constantine I, AE3, Rome, Officina 2
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
Laureate head right
PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
R wreath S in exergue
2.70g
RIC VII, --
Ex Silenos Coins, eBay, September, 2003

Note: Series with pellet field mark not in RIC


Helena, AE3, 326, Rome, Officina 2
FL HELENA-AVGVSTA
Plain-diademed, mantled bust right, wearing necklace, hair brushed straight back, small curls along forehead to ear, loop braid at base of head
SECVRITAS-REIPVBLICE
Securitas standing facing, head left, branch downward in right hand, raising robe with left
R wreath S in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.89g
RIC VII, 291 (R1)


Constantine II, AE3, 329-330, Rome, Officina 3
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with eight rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
RFT in exergue
3.34g
RIC VII, 323 (R3)
Ex Barry Murphy, VCoins, September, 2003


Constantius II, AE3, 329-330, Rome, Officina 4
FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
RFQ in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.20g
RIC VII, 324 (R4)


Constantine II, AE3, 330, Rome, Officina 2
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS
Two soldiers standing facing each other, spear in outer hand, resting inner hand on shield, two standards between them
RFS in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.79g
RIC VII, 328 (S)


Constantine II, AE3, 330, Rome, Officina 2
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS
Two soldiers standing facing each other, spear in outer hand, resting inner hand on shield, two standards between them
RFS in exergue
17mm x 18mm, 2.20g
RIC VII, 328 (S)


Constantine II, AE3, 330, Rome, Officina 2
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS
Two soldiers standing facing each other, spear in outer hand, resting inner hand on shield, two standards with O on banner between them, pellet in center field
RFS in exergue
17mm x 18mm, 2.76g
RIC VII, 328 (S)


Constantine II, AE3, 330, Rome, Officina 2
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS
Two soldiers standing facing each other, spear in outer hand, resting inner hand on shield, two standards with O on banner between them, pellet in center field
RFS in exergue
17mm x 20mm, 1.80g
RIC VII, 328 (S)


Constantius II, AE3, 330, Rome, Officina 3
FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS
Two soldiers standing facing each other, spear in outer hand, resting inner hand on shield, two standards with large medal on banner between them, pellet in center field
RFT in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 2.53g
RIC VII, 329 (C1)


Anonymous Issue during the reign of Constantine I, AE3, 330, Rome, Officina 4
VRBS-ROMA
Helmeted, plumed, bust of Roma left in imperial mantle
(No Legend)
She-wolf standing left, rosette on shoulder, suckling twins
* * above
RFQ in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 2.63g
RIC VII, 331 (C1)


Anonymous Issue during the reign of Constantine I, AE3, 330, Rome, Officina 5
CONSTANTI_NOPOLIS
Laureate, helmeted bust of Constantinople left in imperial mantle, scepter over left shoulder
(No Legend)
Victory standing facing on prow, head left, scepter in right hand, left hand on shield
RFE in exergue
17mm x 18mm, 2.46g
RIC VII, 332 (S)


Constantius II, AE3, 330-331, Rome, Officina 3
FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS
Two soldiers standing facing each other, spear in outer hand, resting inner hand on shield, two standards with large medal on banner between them, pellet in center field
RBT in exergue
17mm, 2.78g
RIC VII, 337 (R1)


Anonymous Issue during the reign of Constantine I, AE3, 330-331, Rome, Officina 4
VRBS-ROMA
Helmeted, plumed, bust of Roma left in imperial mantle
(No Legend)
She-wolf standing left, suckling twins
* * above
RBQ in exergue
16mm x 19mm, 1.83g
RIC VII, 338 (S)

Note: Although most of the officina mark is off the flan, Q is assumed as RIC only attests this issue from officina 4.


Anonymous Issue during the reign of Constantine I, AE3, 333-335, Rome, Officina 4
VRBS-ROMA
Helmeted, plumed, bust of Roma left in imperial mantle
(No Legend)
She-wolf standing left, suckling twins
* * above
R wreath Q in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 2.20g
RIC VII, 354 (S)


Anonymous Issue during the reign of Constantine I, AE3, 333-335 Rome, Officina 5
CONSTANTI_NOPOLIS
Laureate, helmeted bust of Constantinople left in imperial mantle, scepter over left shoulder
(Anepigraphic)
Victory standing facing on prow, head left, scepter in right hand, left hand on shield
R wreath E in exergue
17mm x 18mm, 2.55g
RIC VII, 355 (S)

Note: The differentiating attributes of 355 vs. 387 on p. 344 minted in 336 are the weight and size. The later series consists of usually smaller coins weighing under 1.50g