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RIC Volume X - Divided Empire to Fall of Empire: Arcadius (383-408)


Honorius, AV Solidus, 397-402, Constantinople, Officina 5
D N HONORI_VS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield with horse and rider design in left hand, spear in right hand over right shoulder
CONCORDI_A AVGG E
Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, scepter in right hand, Victory on globe in left hand, right foot on prow
CONOB in exergue
20mm, 4.40g
RIC X, 8 (S)


Honorius, AV Solidus, 397-402, Constantinople, Officina 7
D N HONORI_VS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield with horse and rider design in left hand, spear in right hand over right shoulder
CONCORDI_A AVGG Z
Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, spear in right hand, Victory on globe in left hand, right foot on prow
CONOB in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 4.46g
RIC X, 8 (S)


Arcadius, AV Solidus, 402-c.403, Constantinople
D N ARCADI_VS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield with horse and rider design in left hand, spear in right hand over shoulder
NOVA SPES REIPVBLICAE
Victory seated right on cuirass, inscribing XX / XXX on shield set on her knee
CONOB in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 4.46g
RIC X, 23 (R2)


Arcadius, AV Solidus, c.403-408, Constantinople, Officina 4
D N ARCADI_VS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield with horse and rider design in left hand, spear in right hand over shoulder
NOVA SPES REIPVBLICAE Δ
Victory seated right on cuirass, shield behind, inscribing XX / XXX on shield set on her knee
* in left field
CONOB in exergue
21mm x 22mm, 4.47g
RIC X, 29 (R2)


Honorius, AV Solidus, c.403-408, Constantinople, Officina 1
D N HONORI_VS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield with horse and rider design in left hand, spear in right hand over right shoulder
CONCORDI_A AVGGG A
Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, spear in right hand, Victory on globe in left hand, right foot on prow
Star with eight points in left field
CONOB in exergue
21mm, 4.44g
RIC X, 30 (R2)


Theodosius II, AV Solidus, c.403-408, Constantinople, Officina 3
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield with horse and rider design in left hand, spear in right hand over right shoulder
CONCORDI_A AVGG G
Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, scepter in right hand, Victory on globe in left hand, right foot on prow
* in left field
CONOB in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 4.47g
RIC X, 31 (R2)


Theodosius II, AV Solidus, c.403-408, Constantinople, Officina 10
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield with horse and rider design in left hand, spear in right hand over right shoulder
CONCORDI_A AVGG I
Constantinopolis enthroned facing, helmeted head right, scepter in right hand, Victory on globe in left hand, right foot on prow
* in left field
CONOB in exergue
?mm, ?g
RIC X, 31 (R2)


Honorius, AV Solidus, 397-402, Thessalonica
D N HONORI_VS P F AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield with horse and rider design in left hand, spear in right hand over right shoulder, Chi-tau on breastplate
CONCORDI_A AVGG
Concordia seated facing, spear in right hand, Victory on globe in left hand, right foot on prow
COMOB in exergue
20mm, 4.34g
RIC X, 38 (R2)


Honorius, AV Solidus, 403-408, Thessalonica
D N HONORI_VS P F AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield with horse and rider design in left hand, spear in right hand over right shoulder, Chi-tau on breastplate
CONCORDI_A AVGG
Concordia seated facing, spear in right hand, Victory on globe in left hand, right foot on prow
* in left field
COMOB in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 4.55g
RIC X, 43 (R3)


Arcadius, AE4, 395-401, Heraclea, Officina 1
D N ARCADI_VS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS-EXERCITI
Emperor standing left, head right, spear in right hand, resting left hand on shield, Victory standing left, palm branch in left hand, crowning emperor with wreath in right
SMHA in exergue
17mm x 19mm, 1.97g
RIC X, 56 (S)


Arcadius, AE4, 395-401, Constantinople, Officina 1
D N ARCADI_VS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS-EXERCITI
Emperor standing left, head right, spear in right hand, resting left hand on shield, Victory standing left, palm branch in left hand, crowning emperor with wreath in right
CONSA in exergue
17mm x 18mm, 1.94g
RIC X, 60 (R3)


Arcadius, AE4, 395-401, Constantinople, Officina 1
D N ARCADI_VS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS-EXERCITI
Emperor standing facing, head right, spear in right hand, resting left hand on shield, Victory standing left, palm branch in left hand, crowning emperor with wreath in right
CONSA in exergue
17mm x 18mm, 1.94g
RIC X, 60 (R3)
Ex Vel Garnett Collection

Overstruck on an issue of Theodosius I with Gloria Romanorum reverse legend, most likely the following based on chronological issues:

Theodosius I, AE3, May 15, 392-January 17, 395, Seventh Period, Constantinople
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
GLORIA-ROMANORVM
Emperor on horseback, right hand raised, prancing right
Exergue obliterated by overstrike
RIC IX, 89(a) (R for type)

Part of the host coin obverse legend is legible across the bottom of the bust on the obverse and part of the reverse legend and possibly part of the design of the host coin is visible on the top of the reverse.


Arcadius, AE4, 395-401, Constantinople, Officina 4
D N ARCADI_VS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS-EXERCITI
Emperor standing left, head right, spear in right hand, resting left hand on shield, Victory standing left, palm branch in left hand, crowning emperor with wreath in right
CONSD in exergue
16mm x 18mm, 2.41g
RIC X, 60 (R3)


Honorius, AE4, 395-401, Cyzicus, Officina 2
D N HONORI_VS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS-EXERCITI
Emperor standing left, head right, spear in right hand, resting left hand on shield, Victory standing left, palm branch in left hand, crowning emperor with wreath in right
SMKB in exergue
16mm x 18mm, 1.72g
RIC X, 68 (C)


Honorius, AE3, 395-401, Antioch, Officina 3
D N HONORI_VS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS-EXERCITI
Emperor standing facing, head right, vertical spear in right hand, left hand resting on shield, crowned by Victory standing left, wreath in right hand
ANTΓ in exergue
16mm x 17mm, 2.53g
RIC X, 72 (C3)


Honorius, AE3, 395-401, Alexandria, Officina 1
D N HONORI_VS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS-EXERCITI
Emperor standing left, head right, spear in right hand, left hand resting on shield, crowned by Victory standing left, wreath in right hand
ALEA in exergue
16mm, 1.71g
RIC X, 76 (C2)


Honorius, AE3, 401-403, Antioch, Officina 1
D N HONORI_VS P F AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield with cross design in left hand, spear in right hand over right shoulder
CONCORDI_A AVGG
Concordia seated facing, spear in right hand, Victory on globe in left hand, right foot on prow
ANTA in exergue
16mm x 17mm, 2.31g
RIC X, 99 (S)


Arcadius, AE4, 404-406, Cyzicus, Officina 1
D N ARCADI_VS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
CONCOR_DIA AVGGG
Cross on base
SMKA in exergue
11mm x 12mm, 1.07g
RIC X, 132 (C)


Theodosius II, AE4, 404-406, Cyzicus, Officina 1
D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
CONCOR_DIA AVGGG
Cross
SMKA in exergue
11mm, 0.66g
RIC X, 134 (C)


Arcadius, AV Solidus, 408?, Thessalonica
D N ARCADI_VS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield with horse and rider design in left hand, spear in right hand over right shoulder
CONCORDI_A AVGG
Concordia seated facing, spear in right hand, Victory on globe in left hand, right foot on prow
* (eight-pointed) in left field
TESO.B. in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 4.46g
RIC X, -- (RIC X, 359-360 for type with TES.OB. exergual mark for Honorius and Theodosius II)

Notes: RIC does not attest any issues in the name of Arcadius with the exergual mark TESOB or variants. Is it possible the Thessalonica mint was inadvertently using an Arcadius obverse die after his death in 408? Or, perhaps the date range for the TESOB issues in RIC X need to be moved from 408-420 under Theodosius II back to the end of the reign of Arcadius? Another curiosity with this specimen is the exergual mark itself - it should read TESOB or TES.OB. and not TESO.B. It's interesting the leading pellet is in the wrong location as it should separate the TES (Thessalonica) mark from the OB (Obryisium (gold)) denotation. And, the B is malformed or misengraved. My guess is this was the first reverse die of the type for Thessalonica, was in process for the new series at the time of Arcadius's death (just before, during or after and the mint didn't get the news right away), the celator was confused by the new mark, didn't understand the meaning of it and engraved the final letter incorrectly. I will have to see if there are any documented examples for imitations by Vandals, etc., although the style is dead on for an official Roman mint product.

Update on January 16, 2010: I have the coin in hand and honestly, I don't see much evidence of this being a struck coin. The fields show no flowlines, despite the high grade/minimal wear and the "lustrous" areas in the obverse fields appear to just be cleaning hairlines. I cannot immediately explain the many multiple strikes on the obverse at the top of the helmet in the field, which would normally indicate a die shift or along those lines. But, it looks like five strikes, all with about the same amount of die shift between each "strike". The reverse looks more consistent between wear and surfaces than the obverse. Still, one must consider the margins on the reverse, which contain areas of scratches and unusual porosity - porosity which is almost never seen on gold, simply because of the nature of the metal. Going to the third side of the coin - the edge - we find the most bizarre attributes, and I apologize for the fuzzy photos of the edge as I can't seem to get a clear shot of it. In the thickest area, it appears there is a gap in the center, leading one to believe this was actually two different coins at one time and have been cut in half and molded together in some fashion. However, that would be a difficult feat as at the thinest edge of the coin, it is around .5mm. I believe that could be explained by adding some gold to that edge and is the most "worked" looking area of the coin - 9-o'clock on both sides - and, coincidentally, where the margin is the widest. I have to assume this specimen is some sort of modern concoction and have to wonder if whomever made it intended it to get into a slab where the edge could not be examined closely. In any event, I'm going to send it back to the dealer in France from whom I purchased it and hopefully he will get to the bottom of the matter.


Arcadius, AV Solidus, 395-402, Milan
D N ARCADI_VS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VICTORI_A AVGGG
Emperor standing facing, head right, Victory on globe in left hand, labarum in right, left foot on bound captive with two parallel legs laying on ground at right and looking up at emperor
M | D across fields
COMOB in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 4.42g
RIC X, 1205 (Honorius) (C)


Arcadius, AV Solidus, 395-402, Milan
D N ARCADI_VS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VICTORI_A AVGGG
Emperor standing facing, head right, Victory on globe in left hand, labarum in right, left foot on bound captive with two parallel legs laying on ground at right and looking up at emperor
M | D across fields
COMOB in exergue
21mm, 4.42g
RIC X, 1205 (Honorius) (C)