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RIC Volume X - Divided Empire to Fall of Empire: Theodosius II (May 1, 408-July 28, 450)


Theodosius II, AV Solidus, c.403-408, Constantinople, Officina 3
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield with horse and rider design in left hand, spear in right hand over right shoulder
CONCORDI_A AVGG G
Constantinopolis enthroned facing, helmeted head right, scepter in right hand, Victory on globe in left hand, right foot on prow
* in left field
CONOB in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 4.47g
RIC X, 31 (Arcadius) (R2)


Theodosius II, AE4, 404-406, Cyzicus, Officina 1
D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
CONCOR_DIA AVGGG
Cross
SMKA in exergue
11mm, 0.66g
RIC X, 134 (C) (Arcadius)


Honorius, AV Solidus, 408-420, Constantinople, Officina 10
D N HONORI_VS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, shield with horse and rider design in left hand, spear in right hand over right shoulder
CONCORDI_A AVGG I
Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, vertical scepter in right hand, Victory on globe in left, right foot on prow
* in left field
CONOB in exergue
20mm, 4.48g
RIC X, 201 (R)
Ex Mark Drazak Collection; Ex Mike Summers Collection; Ex Ed Waddell
Grade: EF


Theodosius II, AV Solidus, 420-422, Constantinople, Officina 5
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust three-quarter facing, spear in right hand over shoulder, shield with horseman trampling enemy in left
VOT XX-MVLT XXX E
Angel standing facing, head left, supporting long jeweled cross with right hand
CONOB in exergue
21mm x 22mm, 4.46g
RIC X, 219 (S)


Theodosius II, AV Solidus, 420-422, Constantinople, Officina 5
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust three-quarter facing, spear in right hand over shoulder, shield with horseman trampling enemy in left
VOT XX-MVLT XXX E
Angel standing facing, head left, supporting long jeweled cross with right hand
CONOB in exergue
21mm x 22mm, 4.42g
RIC X, 219 (S)


Theodosius II, AV Solidus, 424-425, Constantinople, Officina 2
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust three-quarter facing, spear in right hand over shoulder, shield with horseman trampling enemy in left
GLOR ORVI_S TERRAR B
Theodosius, standing facing, labarum in right hand, globus cruciger in left
* in left field
CONOB in exergue
21mm x 22mm, 4.39g
RIC X, 232 (R)


Theodosius II, AV Solidus, October 425-429, Constantinople, Officina 4
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust three-quarter facing, spear in right hand over shoulder, shield with horseman trampling enemy in left
SALVS REI_PVBLICAE D
Theodosius II and Valentinian III, nimbate, enthroned facing, wearing consular robes, mappa in raised right hand, cruciform scepter in left
* in upper middle field
CONOB in exergue
20mm, 4.47g
RIC X, 237 (S)


Theodosius II, AV Solidus, 430-440, Constantinople, Officina 2
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust three-quarter facing, spear in right hand over shoulder, shield with horseman trampling enemy in left
VOT XXX-MVLT XXXX B
Constantinopolis enthroned left, globus cruciger in right hand, scepter in left, left foot on prow, shield at right
* in right field
CONOB in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 4.35g
RIC X, 257 (S)


Roman Imperial, Theodosius II, AV Solidus, 430-440, Constantinople, Officina 3
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust three-quarter facing, spear in right hand over shoulder, shield with horseman trampling enemy in left
VOT XXX-MVLT XXXX Γ
Constantinopolis enthroned left, globus cruciger in right hand, scepter in left, left foot on prow, shield at right
* in right field
CONOB in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 4.48g
RIC X, 257 (S)


Theodosius II, AV Solidus, 430-440, Constantinople, Officina 6
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust three-quarter facing, spear in right hand over shoulder, shield with horseman trampling enemy in left
VOT XXX-MVLT XXXX S
Constantinopolis enthroned left, globus cruciger in right hand, scepter in left, left foot on prow, shield at right
* in right field
CONOB in exergue
21mm, 4.41g
RIC X, 257 (S)


Theodosius II, AV Solidus, 441-450, Group II, 5 Points, Omitted after COS, Constantinople
D N THEODOSI_VS . P . F . AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust three-quarter facing, spear in right hand over shoulder, shield with horseman in left
IMP . XXXXII . COS-XVII P . P . .
Constantinopolis enthroned left, globus cruciger in right hand, scepter in left, left foot on prow, shield at right
* in left field
COMOB in exergue
21mm, 4.48g
RIC X, 301 variant (R2 for type)

Note: RIC X 301 has five points, as does this specimen, however, the point after XVII is missing and an extra point appears after the final P. The only other attested example in RIC X with a misplaced point is in the footnotes on p.262 for an example of RIC X 295 with C.OS


Roman Imperial (?), Theodosius II, AV Solidus, 441-450, Group II, 5 Points, Omitted after COS, Constantinople
D N T • HEODOSI_VS • P • F • AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust three-quarter facing, spear in right hand over shoulder, shield with horseman in left
IMP • XXXXII • COS-XVII • P • P •
Constantinopolis enthroned left, globus cruciger in right hand, scepter in left, left foot on prow, shield at right
* in left field
COMOB in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 4.46g
RIC X, 301 variant (R2 for type)

Note: RIC X 301 has five points on the reverse, as does this specimen. However, on the obverse, there is a misplaced point in the emperor's name. The only other attested example in RIC X with a misplaced point is in the footnotes on p.262 for an example of RIC X 295 with C.OS on the reverse. Also, the slightly crude engraving of the style, size and arc of the legends, as well as the devises, may even give some opportunity to consider an Osthrogothic or other imitative culture.


Valentinian III, AV Solidus, 441-450, Group II, 5 Points, Omitted after COS, Constantinople
D N VALENTIN_IANVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust three-quarter facing, spear in right hand over shoulder, shield with horseman in left
IMP . XXXXII . COS-XVII . P . P .
Constantinopolis enthroned left, globus cruciger in right hand, scepter in left, left foot on prow, shield at right
* in left field
COMOB in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 4.46g
RIC X, 302 (R4)


Theodosius II, AV Solidus, 424-425 (Possibly to 430), Thessalonica
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust three-quarter facing, spear in right hand over shoulder, shield with horseman trampling enemy in left
GLOR ORVI_S TERRAR
Theodosius, standing facing, labarum in right hand, globus cruciger in left
* in left field
TESOB in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 4.31g
RIC X, 361 (R2)

Note: The differences between RIC 361-363 are whether the reverse figure is squat and rough (361), statuesque (362) or elegant (363). Although it sounds like those descriptions are very subjective, when looking at the plates in RIC X all of the reverse styles are quite different from each other. The 361 type has the large central design on the cuirass and shorter legs with both feet pointing in opposite directions, which give the impression of a more burly figure. The 362 type has longer legs and a curved beltline along the cuirass. The left foot points forward. The 363 type has a taller figure, but more compact design and well-balanced. The left foot points forward and right and there is a slight lean to the figure.


Theodosius II, AR Miliarensis, 408-423, Thessalonica
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
GLORIA-ROMANORVM
Theodosius, nimbate, standing facing, head left, spear in right hand, left hand resting on shield
* in left field
COM in exergue
20mm x 22mm, 4.19g
RIC X, 392 (R4); DOCLR 348 (Constantinople); MIRB 59 (Constantinople); RSC --
Ex CNG Mail Bid 69, Lot 1781, June 2005; Ex CNG Mail Bid 63, Lot 1566, May 2003

Notes from CNG: The miliarense was originally struck during the reign of Constantine I, probably as a donative issue for military officers. Two distinct series evolved, one “heavy” at about 5.45 grams and one “light” at 4.55 grams. By the reign of Theodosius II, however, “heavy” and “light” had become purely notional. Now, the weights overlap, although the Emperor left / Emperor with globe type is generally heavier than the Emperor right / Emperor with spear and shield. The mint attribution is also disputed. DOC and MIRB see the mint mark as a distorted CON for Constantinople, while RIC reads it as COM, indicating Thessalonica. RIC also places the heavier type at Constantinople and the lighter at Thessalonica. There is a wide variation in style within this series.


Theodosius II, AR Miliarensis, 408-423, Thessalonica
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
GLORIA-ROMANORVM
Theodosius, nimbate, standing facing, head left, spear in right hand, left hand resting on shield
* in left field
COM in exergue
21mm x 22mm, 4.06g
RIC X, 392 (R4); DOCLR 348 (Constantinople); MIRB 59 (Constantinople); RSC --
Ex CNG Mail Bid 69, Lot 1782, June 2005

Note: This piece is noticeably cruder for the type and lighter in weight, possibly a provincial issue from Thessalonica.


Theodosius II, AR Miliarensis, 408-423, Thessalonica
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
GLORIA-ROMANORVM
Theodosius, nimbate, standing facing, head left, spear in right hand, left hand resting on shield
* in left field
COM in exergue
20mm x 22mm, 4.25g
RIC X, 392 (R4); DOCLR 348 (Constantinople); MIRB 59 (Constantinople); RSC --
Ex CNG Mail Bid 69, Lot 1783, June 2005

Note: This example, with its fine style, youthful portrait and high weight, seems to be a standard Constantinopolitan issue from early in the reign of Theodosius, possibly dating immediately prior to the beginning of his sole reign in 408, after the death of Arcadius.


Theodosius II, AE4, 408-423, Thessalonica, Officina 1
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, * in left field
GLORIA-ROMA_NORVM
Two emperors standing facing, heads turned toward each other, each holding spear in outer hand and resting inner hand on shield, emperor on right slightly smaller
TESA in exergue
14mm x 16mm, 2.20g
RIC X, 396 (C)


Theodosius II, AE4, 408-423, Thessalonica, Officina 1
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, * in left field
[GLORI_A ROMA_N]ORVM
Two emperors standing facing, heads turned toward each other, each holding spear in outer hand and supporting globe with inner hand
SMNA in exergue
14mm x 15mm, 1.86g
RIC X, 413 (R)
Ex Vel Garnett Collection


Theodosius II, AE4, 423-425, Constantinople
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
GLOR ORVI_S TERRAR
Emperor standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, globus cruciger in left
* in left field
CONS in exergue
14mm x 15mm, 1.72g
RIC X, 421 (R4)


Valentinian III, AE4, 425-435, Cyzicus, Officina 1
D N VALENTINIANO P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
CONCOR_DIA AVG
Victory advancing facing, wreath upward in each hand
SMKA in exergue
12mm x 13mm, 0.91g
RIC X, 438 (R3)


Theodosius II, AE4, 425-435, Constantinople
D N TH[EODOSIVS P F AVG]
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
(No legend)
Cross within wreath terminating in large pellet or jewel
CON in exergue
11mm x 12mm, 1.28g
RIC X, 445 (C2)


Theodosius II, AE4, 425-435, Constantinople
D N THEOSIVS ( sic) P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
(No legend)
Cross within wreath
CON in exergue
10mm x 11mm, 0.68g
RIC X, 445v (C2 for type)

Note: Variant for obverse legend - D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG expected


Theodosius II, AE4, 425-435, Constantinople
D N THEOSIVS (sic) P F AVG
Pearl-diademed head right
(No legend)
Cross within wreath terminating with pellet
CON in exergue (retrograde N)
11mm x 12mm, 1.30g
RIC X, -- (cf. RIC 445 for type)

Note: The footnotes for 444 on p. 275 do note there are misspellings of the obverse legend in this series, but list all examples with a pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust type.


Theodosius II, AE4, 425-435, Cyzicus, Officina 1
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
(No legend)
Cross within wreath terminating in large jewel with X
SMKA in exergue
13mm x 14mm, 1.48g
RIC X, 449 (C)


Theodosius II, AE4, 425-435, Antioch, Officina 1
D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
(No legend)
Cross within wreath
ANTA in exergue
11mm, 0.93g
RIC X, 453 (C)


Theodosius II, AE4, 425-435, Antioch, Officina 1
D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, cross above head
(No legend)
Cross within wreath
ANTB in exergue
10mm, 0.60g
RIC X, 454 (S)
Ex Beast Coins $10 Pick Bin, Baltimore Show, 2006 - photo courtesy of Chris Storck


Theodosius II, AE4, 435, Constantinople
[D N THE]ODOSVS (sic) P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VT / XXX / V
Legend enclosed within wreath
CON in exergue
10mm x 11mm, 1.27g
RIC X, 457v (C2)

Note: Variant for obverse legend - D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG expected


Theodosius II, AE4, 435, Constantinople
[D N THEODO]SIVS [P F AVG]
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
VT / XXX / V
Legend enclosed within wreath
[CON] in exergue
9mm x 10mm, 1.09g
RIC X, 457 (C2)


Valentinian III, AE2, c.437, Constantinople
D N VALENTINIANVS PE A
Pearl-diademed, helmeted, draped, cuirassed bust right, spear pointing forward in right hand, shield in left
CONCOR_DIA AGV
Two emperors, nimbate, standing facing, each holding spear and supporting long cross between them
CONS in exergue
20mm x 21mm, 5.42g
RIC X, 461 (R4)

The L in the obverse legend is retrograde and the E's are epsilon shaped. RIC footnotes on p. 276 another example with the same legends.


Theodosius II, AE4, 445-450, Constantinople
D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
(No legend)
Monogram 5 of Theodosius II in wreath
12mm x 14mm, 1.40g
[CON] in exergue
RIC X, -- (cf. RIC 462); LRBC 2245

Note: RIC 462 has the same legend as this coin, but is only attested for monogram 1. RIC 463 is attested for monogram 5, but for unbroken obverse legend. RIC only attests the Constantinople mint for T1 obverse legend as this coin. LRBC consolidates all of Theodosius' monograms into one and thus does not have separate listings for all of the variants.