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Roman Provincials: Macedonia-Beroea (Quasi-Autonomous Coinage)

Notes from Joseph Sermarini of Forvm Ancient Coins: The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and was responsible for issuing coinage. The individual cities, as members of the Koinon, sent representatives to participate in popular assembly several times each year. The high point of the year was celebrations and matches in honor of Alexander and the Roman emperor held in Beroea (modern Verria) located about 75 km. west of Thessaloniki. This was the provincial center of the emperor cult, with the appropriate temple and privileges, first granted to the Koinon by Nerva. The title Neokoros, or "temple guardians" was highly prized and thus advertised on coins. Under Elagabalus the Koinon received a second Neokorie, indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely DIC (double in Greek). The title was rescinded but later restored by Severus Alexander, probably in 231 A.D.


Macedonia-Beroea, Quasi-Autonomous Coinage under Elagabalus-Philip, AE24, 3rd Century AD, Koinon of Macedonia
AΛEΞANΔPOY (legend off flan)
Head of Alexander the Great right wearing Corinthian helmet
KOIN_ON MAKEΔO_NΩN
Alexander, nude, standing right, taming Bucephalos rearing left
N in left field
24mm x 25mm, 10.15g
SNG Copenhagen 1357 var

Consignor notes: Fine, rare reverse type


Macedonia-Beroea, Quasi-Autonomous Coinage under Elagabalus-Philip, AE26, 3rd Century AD, Koinon of Macedonia
AΛEΞANΔPOY
Diademed head of Alexander the Great right, free-flowing hair
KOINON MAKE_ΔONΩN B N
Alexander riding on his horse, Bucephalos, right
* below
26mm x 27mm, 12.88g
SNG Copenhagen 1360

Consignor notes: aVF, well-centered


Macedonia-Beroea, Quasi-Autonomous Coinage under Elagabalus-Philip, AE25, 3rd Century AD, Koinon of Macedonia
AΛEΞANΔPOY
Diademed head of Alexander the Great right, free-flowing hair
KOINON MAKE_ΔONΩN B N
Alexander riding on his horse, Bucephalos, right
* below
25mm, 8.13g
SNG Copenhagen 1360

Consignor notes: Interestingly weathered


Macedonia-Beroea, Quasi-Autonomous Coinage under Elagabalus-Philip, AE25, 3rd Century AD, Koinon of Macedonia
AΛEΞANΔPOY
Diademed head of Alexander the Great right, free-flowing hair, thunderbolt below
KOINON MAKEΔONΩN / NEΩ
Serpent rising from cista mystica
25mm x 27mm, 10.77g
SNG Copenhagen 1361

Consignor notes: VF, well-centered obverse


Macedonia-Beroea, Quasi-Autonomous Coinage under Elagabalus-Philip, AE27, 3rd Century AD, Koinon of Macedonia
AΛEΞANΔPOY
Bust of Alexander the Great right wearing lion-skin headdress
KOI NON MAKEΔONΩN B NEΩ EO E
Lion advancing right, club above
27mm x 28mm, 10.37g
SNG Copenhagen 1364

Consignor notes: gVF, porosity.


Macedonia-Beroea, Quasi-Autonomous Coinage under Elagabalus-Philip, AE27, 3rd Century AD, Koinon of Macedonia
AΛEΞANΔPOY
Diademed head of Alexander the Great right
KOINON MAKEΔONΩN B NE (ligate)
Table with two prize urns containing palms
* in right field
27mm x 28mm, 12.86g
SNG Copenhagen 1368

Consignor notes: aVF, reverse off-center


Macedonia-Beroea, Quasi-Autonomous Coinage under Elagabalus-Philip, AE26, 3rd Century AD, Koinon of Macedonia
AΛEΞANΔPOY
Diademed head of Alexander the Great right
KOINON MAKE_ΔONΩN B NE
Athena seated left, Nike in right hand, reversed spear in left
26mm x 27mm, 11.70g
SNG Copenhagen 1369

Consignor notes: gVF, good details


Macedonia-Beroea, Quasi-Autonomous Coinage under Elagabalus-Philip, AE26, 3rd Century AD, Koinon of Macedonia
AΛEΞANΔPOY
Diademed head of Alexander the Great right, free-flowing hair
KOINON MAKEΔONΩN-B-NEΩKOP / EO
Two tetrastyle temples
* below
24mm x 25mm, 9.55g
SNG Copenhagen 1370

Consignor notes: VF, edges scuffed


Macedonia-Beroea, Quasi-Autonomous Coinage under Elagabalus-Philip, AE26, 3rd Century AD, Koinon of Macedonia
AΛEΞANΔPOY
Bust of Alexander the Great right wearing lion-skin headdress
KOINON MAKEΔONΩN / NEΩ
Olympias, veiled, seated left on lion bench, feeding serpent at left from patera in right hand
25mm x 27mm, 13.70g
SNG Copenhagen --; AMNG III/1 416

Consignor notes: VF, slight porosity. The reverse type with Alexander's mother refers to belief she was an enchantress and participated in Orphic rites with snakes.


Macedonia-Beroea, Quasi-Autonomous Coinage under Elagabalus-Philip, AE27, 3rd Century AD, Koinon of Macedonia
AΛEΞANΔPOY
Head of Alexander the Great right wearing Corinthian helmet
KOIN MAKE B NEΩ BEP_AIΩN
Youth standing left, holding whip in left hand and patera in right over lit altar, table with two prize urns with palms at left, amphora on column behind
27mm x 28mm, 12.77g
SNG Copenhagen --; AMNG III/1 864

Consignor notes: VF, some porosity and deposits. Rare with reverse legend spelling out entire ethnic.


Macedonia-Beroea, Quasi-Autonomous Coinage under Elagabalus-Philip, AE26, 3rd Century AD, Koinon of Macedonia
AΛEΞANΔPOY (OY ligate)
Diademed head of Alexander the Great right
KOINO_N MAKEΔONΩN B NEΩ
Herakles with the Cretan bull right (7th Labor)
26mm x 27mm, 9.84g
SNG Copenhagen --; AMNG III/2 44 var

Consignor notes: gVF, good details


Macedonia-Beroea, Quasi-Autonomous Coinage under Elagabalus-Philip, AE26, 3rd Century AD, Koinon of Macedonia
AΛEΞA_NΔPOY
Diademed, cuirassed bust of Alexander the Great right
KOI / NON | MAKEΔONΩN / B NEΩKO / PΩN
Two pentastyle temples
26mm, 10.57g
SNG Copenhagen --; AMNG III/2 56 var

Consignor notes: gVF, attractive patina


Macedonia-Beroea, Quasi-Autonomous Coinage under Elagabalus-Philip, AE26, 3rd Century AD, Koinon of Macedonia
AΛEΞAN_ΔPOY
Diademed head of Alexander the Great right, free-flowing hair
KOINON MAKEΔONΩN B NE
Alexander standing facing in military dress, head right, spear in right hand, parazonium in left
26mm x 28mm, 14.44g
SNG Copenhagen 1374 var

Consignor notes: VF, thick flan with raised edges


Macedonia-Beroea, Quasi-Autonomous Coinage under Elagabalus-Philip, AE25, 3rd Century AD, Koinon of Macedonia
AΛEΞANΔPOY
Head of Alexander the Great right wearing Corinthian helmet
KOINON MAKEΔONΩN B NEΩKOP / EOE
Alexander riding on his horse, Bucephalos, right
25mm x 26mm, 10.41g
SNG Copenhagen 1376

Consignor notes: VF, dark patina


Macedonia-Beroea, Quasi-Autonomous Coinage under Elagabalus-Philip, AE26, c.246, Koinon of Macedonia
AΛE_ΞANΔPOY
Diademed head of Alexander the Great right
KOI / NON / MAKE / ΔONΩN / ΔIC / NEΩ
Legend in six lines within oak wreath
25mm x 27mm, 10.89g
SNG Copenhagen 1380

Consignor notes: VF, dark patina