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Roman Provincial: Mesopotamia-Rhesaena


Caracalla, AE18, 198-217, Mesopotamia-Rhesaena
AYT KAI ANTΩNEINOC CEB
Laureate head right on eagle standing right, bull in left field facing downward, bull in right field facing upward
LEG | III
Vexillum, ribbons on middle of pole, holding banner for Legion III Parthica
17mm x 18mm, 3.06g
Lindgren II, 2606

Note: Legio III Pia was comprised of approximately 3,500 troops when created in Rheseana by Septimius Severus for the Parthian Campaign of 197-199. The bull was the legion mascot and the city was granted colonial status.


Trajan Decius, AE26, 249-251, Mesopotamia-Rhesaena
AVT K Γ ME KV ΔEKIOC TPAIANOC CEB
Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
CEΠ KOΛ PHCAINHCIΩN L III P
Two Tyches standing facing each other, clasping hands over lit altar, eagle standing facing above on club, head left, Aquarius on cippus at left, Capricorn advancing right at right, Orontes swimming right in exergue
25mm x 26mm, 12.26g, 3mm thick
BMC 30 variant (bust type)

Note: Legio III Pia, named in the reverse legend (L III P), settled in Rhesaena under Septimius Severus and the city was granted colonial status.