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AR Tetradrachms - Syria: Seleucis and Pieria-Antiochia ad Orontem


Roman Provincial, Augustus (27 BC-14 AD), AR Tetradrachm, Regnal Year 27 (5/4 BC), COS 12, Syria-Antiochia ad Orontem
KAIΣAPOΣ ΣEB_AΣTOY
Laureate head right
ETOYΣ-ZK-NIKHΣ
Tyche seated right on rocks, palm branch in left hand, river god Orontes swimming right below, YPA monogram, IB / ANT monogram in right field
25mm x 27mm, 14.06g
Prieur 51 (Population 28); RPC 4152; McAlee 181
Ex David Hendin, 2004

Note: The ZK breaking the reverse legend is the regnal year 27, IB is for consulship 12. Minted in what is possibly the year of the birth of Jesus Christ.


Nero, AR Tetradrachm, 62/63, Antiochia ad Orontem
NEPON KAISAP S_EBASTOS
Laureate, beardless bust right with archaic aegis around neck
ETOYS AIR . Q
Eagle standing on thunderbolt facing front, head right, pellet and palm in right field
25mm x 26mm, 14.80g
Prieur 85 (Population 79); Sear GIC 618; RPC 4185; Wruck 42

Note: The AIP . Q references the year 111 of the Caesarian Era and regnal year 9, which equates to 62/63 AD. The pellet in the right field is a control mark.


Caracalla, AR Tetradrachm, 211-212, Third Group, Second Issue, Antiochia ad Orontem
AYT . KAI .-ANTWNEINOC CE- . B .
Laureate head right
DHMAPX . E . X . YPATOC . TO . G
Eagle seen from the front, wings spread close and head right, standing on ground line, * in upper left and right fields
25mm x 26mm, 13.58g
Prieur 212 (Population 32)

Note: Prieur notes on p.39 "These two stars are probably the morning and evening stars, which are related to the Dioscuri, who, along with the great god and Allath, the great military goddess, where the chief deities of the Arabic cults. The twin gods were known as Aziz and Monim in Emesa, Abgal and Maan or Maanu and Shaaru in Palmyra, or Arsu (the cameleer god) and Azizu (the god riding a horse)."


Caracalla, AR Tetradrachm, 214-215, First Issue, Antiochia ad Orontem
ANTWNEINOC .-CEB AYT K M A
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left, seen from behind
DHMAPX . EX .-YPA . TO . D .
Eagle seen from the front, wings spread, head and tail right, standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal
26mm x 27mm, 12.80g
Prieur 221 (Population 18)

 


Roman Provincials, Caracalla, AR Tetradrachm, 215-217, Fifth Group, Cornucopiae Issues, Dotted Wing Series, Antiochia ad Orontem
AYT K M A- ANTΩNEINOC-CEB
Laureate head right
ΔHMAPX EΞ YΠATOC TOΔ
Eagle seen from the front, wings spread, head and tail right, cornucopiae and * between legs
24mm x 26mm, 12.59g
Prieur 244 (Population 32)


Gordian III, AR Tetradrachm, 240, Antiochia ad Orontem
AYTOK K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC CEB
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
ΔHMAPX-EΣOYCIAC
Eagle standing facing, head and tail left, wings spread
SC in exergue
24mm x 26mm, 10.77g
Prieur 282 (Population 139)


Gordian III, AR Tetradrachm, 242, Antiochia ad Orontem
AYTOK K M ANT GOPDIANOC CEB
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
DHMAPX-EX YPATO B
Eagle standing facing, head and tail left, wings spread, ram with head turned back and running left under crescent between eagle's legs
26mm x 29mm, 12.61g
Prieur 295 (Population 69)

 


Gordian III, AR Tetradrachm, 242, Antiochia ad Orontem
AYTOK K M ANT GOPDIANOC CEB
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
DHMAPX E_X YPATO B
Eagle standing facing, head and tail left, wings spread, ram with head turned back and running left under crescent between eagle's legs
25mm x 27mm, 12.43g
Prieur 295 (Population 69)

 


Otacilia Severa, AR Tetradrachm, 244, Antiochia ad Orontem
MAP WTAKIL CEOYHPAN CEB
Draped bust right on crescent, seen from front, hair weaved in straight lines and rows with long plait carried up the back of head and tucked under stephane
DHMAPX-EXOYCIAC
Eagle standing facing on palm, head left, tail right
SC in exergue
25mm x 28mm, 13.10g
Prieur 324 (Population 27)


Otacilia Severa, AR Tetradrachm, 244, Antiochia ad Orontem
MAP WTAKIL CEOYHPAN CEB
Draped bust right on crescent, seen from front, hair weaved in straight lines and rows with long plait carried up the back of head and tucked under stephane
DHMAPX-EXOYCIAC
Eagle standing facing on palm, head left, tail left
SC in exergue
25mm x 28mm, 12.34g
Prieur 325 (Population 16)


Philip I, AR Tetradrachm, 249, Antiochia ad Orontem
AUTOK K M IOULI FILIPPOC CEB
Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
DHMARX EXOUCIAC UPATO D
Eagle standing right, head right, tail left, wings spread
ANTIOXIA / SC in exergue
26mm x 27mm, 12.84g
Prieur 449 (Population 22)


Philip II, AR Tetradrachm, 249, Antiochia ad Orontem
AUTOK K M IOULI FILIPPOC CEB
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
DHMARX EXOUCIAC UPATO D
Eagle standing left, head left, tail right, wings spread
ANTIOXIA / SC in exergue
25mm x 27mm, 11.46g
Prieur 473 (Population 98)


Philip II, AR Tetradrachm, 249, Antiochia ad Orontem, Officina 1
AUTOK K M IOULI FILIPPOC CEB
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind, one pellet under bust
DHMARX EXOUCIAC UPATO D
Eagle standing left, head left, tail right, wings spread
ANTIOXIA / SC in exergue
25mm x 28mm, 10.92g
Prieur 489 (Population 3)


Philip II, AR Tetradrachm, 249, Antiochia ad Orontem, Officina 4
AUTOK K M IOULI FILIPPOC CEB
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind, four pellets under bust
DHMARX EXOUCIAC UPATO D
Eagle standing left, head left, tail right, wings spread
ANTIOXIA / SC in exergue
28mm x 29mm, 10.39g
Prieur 494 (Population 3)


Trajan Decius, AR Tetradrachm, 250-251, Antiochia ad Orontem, Officina 6 (?)
AUT K G ME KU TRAIANOC DEKIOC CEB
Radiate, cuirassed bust seen from front, balteus and trabea on right shoulder, S (?) under bust
DHMAPX EXOYCIAC
Eagle standing left on palm, head left, tail right
SC in exergue
26mm x 28mm, 11.44g
Prieur 557 (Population 1, citing McAlee Collection)


Herennia Etruscilla, AR Tetradrachm, 249-251, Antiochia ad Orontem, Officina 3
EPENNIA ETPOYCKILLA CEB
Diademed, draped bust right on crescent, seen from front, three pellets under bust
DHMAPX EXOYCIAC
Eagle standing right on palm, head right, tail left
SC in exergue
24mm x 25mm, 11.24g
Prieur 610 (Population 12)


Herennius Etruscus, AR Tetradrachm, 250-251, Antiochia ad Orontem, Officina 7
EPENNE TPOY ME KY DEKIOC KECAP
Bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind, Z under bust
DHMAPX EX_OYCIAC
Eagle standing right on palm, head right, tail left
SC in exergue
25mm x 27mm, 12.98g
Prieur 641 (Population 10)

Caracalla, AR Tetradrachm, 215-217, Fourth Group, Antioch
AYT K M A ANTWNEINOC C_EB
Laureate head right
DHMAPX EX YPATOC TOD
Eagle seen from the front, wings spread and head right, standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal
. D . | . E . across fields
25mm, 12.08g
Prieur 224 (Population 75)

Caracalla, AR Tetradrachm, 215-217, Fifth Group, Antioch
B AYT K M A ANTWNEINOC CE
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
DHMAPX EX YPATOC TOD
Eagle seen from the front, wings spread and head right, standing on club, haft to left, seven pointed star between legs
Prieur 232v - Large Club Issue (variant for seven-pointed star vs. six-pointed for 232).

Caracalla, AR Tetradrachm, 215-217, Fifth Group, Antioch
B AYT K M A ANTWNEINOC CE
Laureate head right
DHMAPX EX YPATOC TOD
Eagle seen from front, wings spread and head right, eight-pointed star and crescent between legs
Prieur 235 (Population 40) 

Carcalla, Forgery of AR Tetradrachm, 215-217, Fifth Group, Antioch
AYT K M A ANTWNEINOC CEB
Laureate head right
DHMAPX EX YPATOE TOL
Eagle seen from front, wings spread and head right, cornucopia, star and two pellets between legs
Prieur 244 - Dotted Wing Series for type.

Note from Michel Prieur on 07/06/03:  TOE is impossible, D at the end of the reverse legend has become L, the portrait is incorrect for Caracalla and the legend TOCTOD is impossible for Elagabalus.  It is a copy of 244 for the type.

Elagabalus, AR Tetradrachm, 218-235, Unknown Antioch Mint.
AYT K M A ANTwNEINO_C CEB
Laureate head with slight drapery at truncation right, wreath ties behind
DHMAPX EX YPATOCTOB
Eagle standing facing, head and tail left, star between legs, D | E across fields
25mm x 27mm, 10.64g
Prieur 249 (Population 7)

Elagabalus, AR Tetradrachm, 218-235, Unknown Antioch Mint.
AYT K M A ANTwNEINOC CEB
Laureate head with slight drapery at truncation right, one wreath tie across neck
DHMAX EX YPATOCTOB
Eagle standing facing, head and tail left, star between legs, D | E across fields
26mm x 30mm, 12.28g
Prieur 267B (Population 1 - this coin)

Notes from Michel Priuer on 01/15/05:  Elagabalus tets part of the book is incomplete, in fact, there should be one group by reverse engraver... probably 200 numbers more and again some more because of what you noticed:  the ribbon's position. I have about thirty A, B and C already added to the normal numbers.  I have given your coin number 267 B - B because of the ribbon, 267 because the wings seem to have linear designs (but it could as well go under group 271). It is not a 249 style which is very peculiar ; this coin http://www.cgb.fr/antioche/0249.html is the type. Feathers are very specific and not like your coin.

Note:  Reverse legend omits the expected P in DHMAPX

Elagabalus, AR Tetradrachm, Antioch
AYT K M A ... ANTwNEINOC CEB
Laureate head with slight drapery at truncation right, wreath ribbons behind neck
DHMAPX EX YPATOCTOB
Eagle to front, head and tail left, star between legs, D | E across fields
Prieur 267 (Population 7)

Philip I, AR Tetradrachm, 244, Rome
AYTOK K M IOYL FILIPPOY CEB
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
DHMAPX EXOYCIAC
Eagle standing facing on exergual line, head and tail left, wings spread
S C under wings, MON VRB in exergue
26mm, 11.94g
Prieur 304 for Antioch Mint (Population 60)

Philip I, AR Tetradrachm, 244, Rome, Officina 3
AYTOK K M IOYL FILIPPOY CEB
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
DHMAPX EXOYCIAC
Eagle standing facing, head and tail left, wings spread, S C under wings, G over right wing
MON VRB in exergue
Prieur 307 for Antioch Mint (Population 29)

Philip II, AR Tetradrachm, 244, Antioch
MAP IOYLI FILIPPOC KECAP
Bare head, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front
DHMAPX EXOYCIAC
Eagle standing facing on palm, head and tail left, wings spread
SC in exergue
27mm, 12.58g
Prieur 331 (Population 3)

Philip II, AR Tetradrachm, 244, Antioch
MAP IOYLI FILIPPOC KECAP
Bare head, draped, cuirassed bust left, seen from behind
DHMAPX EXOYCIAC
Eagle standing facing on palm, head left, tail right
S C in exergue
24mm x 26mm, 12.16g
Prieur 335 (Population 10)

Philip I, AR Tetradrachm, 245, Antioch
AYTOK K M IOYL FILIPPOC CEB
Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
DHMAPX EXOYCIAC YPATOA
Eagle standing facing on palm, head left, tail right
SC in exergue
25mm, 11.96g
Prieur 339 (Population 26)

Otacilia Severa, AR Tetradrachm, 245, Antioch
MAP WTAKIL CEOYHPAN CEB
Diademed, draped bust right on crescent
DHMAPX EXOYCIAC YPATOA
Eagle standing facing on palm, head left, tail left
SC in exergue
25mm, 10.99g
Prieur 342 (Population 26)

Philip I, AR Tetradrachm, 248, Antioch
AYTOK K M IOYLI FILIPPOC CEB
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
DHMAPX EXOYCIAC YPATOG
Eagle right, head right, right wing behind leg
ANTIOXIA / SC in exergue
Prieur 368 (Population 30)

Philip I, AR Tetradrachm, 248, Antioch
AYTOK K M IOYLI FILIPPOC CEB
Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
DHMAPX EXOYCIAC YPATOG
Eagle right, head right, right wing behind leg
ANTIOXIA / SC in exergue
27mm, 12.90g
Prieur 374 (Population 31)

Philip II, AR Tetradrachm, 248, Antioch
MAP IOYLI FILIPPOC KECAP
Bare head, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
DHMAPX EXOYCIAC YPATOG
Eagle standing facing, head and tail right, wings spread
ANTIOXIA / SC in exergue
26mm x 28mm, 12.56g
Prieur 394 (Population 19)

Philip II, AR Tetradrachm, 248, Antioch
MAP IOYLI FILIPPOC KECAP
Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
DHMAPX EXOYCIAC YPATOG
Eagle left, head and tail right, wings spread
ANTIOXIA / SC in exergue
25mm x 27mm, 13.79g
Prieur 397 (Population 6)

Philip I, AR Tetradrachm, 249, Antioch
AYTOK K M IOYLI FILIPPOC CEB
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
DHMAPX EXOYCIAC YPATOD
Eagle left, head and tail left, wings spread
ANTIOXIA / SC in exergue
26mm, 11.39g
Prieur 444 (Population 66)

Trajan Decius, AR Tetradrachm, Second Issue, 249-250, Antioch
AYT K G ME KY DEKIOC TPAIANOC CEB
Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind, one pellet under bust
DHMAPX EXOYCIAC
Eagle standing left, head left, tail right, wings spread, standing on palm
SC in exergue
25mm x 28mm, 11.45g
Prieur 536 (Population 8)