Home Contents Search


Topical Collection - Architecture
Natural Formations and Objects

Ambrakia-Epeiros, AE13, c.238-168 BC
(No legend)
Head of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet
(No legend)
Wreath of oak-leaves, from the sacred oracular of Dodona, containing obelisk representing the sacred conical stone of Apollo Ambrakia
A | M across fields
13mm, 2.59g
Sear GCV I, 1965

Hadrian, AR Hemidrachm, 120/1, Cappadocia-Caesarea
Laureate head right, slight drapery on far shoulder
ET | D (year 4) across fields
Agalma of Mt. Argaeus surmounted by figure of Helios, globe in right hand, scepter in left
13mm x 15mm, 1.33g
Metcalf 84; Sydenham 258.1
Ex Nilus Coins, CICF show, 2003; Ex Classical Numismatic Group Auction XXIX, March 30, 1994, lot 976

Septimius Severus, AR Drachm, 194/5, Year 2, Cappadocia-Caesarea
Laureate head right
Agalma of Mt. Argaeus, w in center, rosette in archway, surmounted by star
ET B in exergue
16mm x 17mm, 2.24g
Sydenham 388

Elagabalus, AE27, 218-222, Phoenicia-Tyre
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Two baetyls (the Ambrosial Rocks) on a basis, between them, olive tree
Dog to right finding murex shell in exergue
BMC Phoenicia, Supplementary Plate XLIV, 7

The foundation myths of Tyre and its cult are found in Nonnos and in Philo Byblius of the 4th century. They tell of an oracle instructing the first men on earth to build a ship and land on floating rocks, designated as ambrosial rocks, on which grew an olive tree harboring an eagle and a serpent and enveloped by a fire that did not consume its branches. They were to then capture and sacrifice the eagle. The first men carried out the instruction, then the floating rocks became fixed and Tyre was founded.

Gordian III, AE26, 238-244, Cappadocia-Caesarea.  AV K M ANT GORDIANOC  Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind, unknown countermark over NO in legend.  MHTPO KAIC B N  Mount Argaeus on altar inscribed ENT.  ETA in exergue.  Ex Bassem Daou, April, 2003.