Home Contents Search

 

Aelia Eudocia
Aelia Eudoxia
Aelia Pulcheria
Aelia Verina
Anthemius
Arcadius
Constantine III
Glycerius
Honorius
Johannes
Leo I
Leo Caesar
Libius Severus
Marcian
Theodosius II
Valentinian III
Zeno
Late Imitative
Non-Imperial Issues

RIC Volume X - Divided Empire to Fall of Empire

Volume X was written by J. P. C. Kent and edited by R. A. G. Carson, J. P. C. Kent and A. M. Burnett. The latest edition is from 1994 and has not been reprinted.  It is 509 pages and 80 pages of plates.  This volume is arranged chronologically by issuer, mint, denomination, chronologically within denomination, then alphabetically by reverse legend - the first half being the Eastern Empire, followed by the Western Empire beginning on p. 317. Also at times, coinage was minted in the Eastern and Western mints in the names of the co-rulers in the opposite part of the empire, which can make attributing from this volume a bit confusing at first as rulers appear in both sections.

Note: The following table was created from the information in RIC X and David Vagi's "Coinage and History of the Roman Empire" Volumes I and II

Common Name Full Name Association Date Period Coin Pages in RIC
Eastern Empire
Arcadius Flavius Arcadius Augustus, Son of Theodosius I 383-408 239-252
Aelia Eudoxia Aelia Eudoxia Wife of Arcadius 400-404 239-252
Theodosius II Flavius Theodosius Augustus, Son of Arcadius 402-450 253-277 and 355-358
Aelia Pulcheria Aelia Pulcheria Wife of Marcian 414-453 253-277
Aelia Eudocia Aelia Eudocia (earlier Athenais) Wife of Theodosius II 423-460 253-277
Marcian Flavius Valerius Marcianus Augustus, Chosen by Aspar 450-457 278-283 and 386-387
Leo I Flavius Valerius Leo Augustus, Chosen by Aspar 457-474 284-296 and 392-398
Aelia Verina Aelia Verina Wife of Leo I 457-484 284-296
Patricius Patricius Caesar, Son of Aspar 470-471 None
Leo II Leo Augustus, Son of Zeno 473-474 297-298
Zeno Zeno (earlier Tarasis or Tarasicodissa) Augustus, Elevated by Leo I 474-491 299-300 and 306-315 and 443-449
Aelia Ariadne Aelia Ariadne Wife of Zeno and Anastasius 474?-515 306-315
Basiliscus Basiliscus Augustus, Usurper in Constantinople 475-476 301-305 and 435-437
Aelia Zenonis Aelia Zenonis Wife of Basiliscus 475-476 301-305
Marcus Marcus Augustus, Usurper in Constantinople 475-476 301-305
Leo Caesar Leo (formerly Basiliscus) Caesar, Adopted son of Zeno 476-477 306-315
Leontius Leontius Augustus, Usurper in Tarsus 484-488 316
Western Empire
Honorius Flavius Honorius Augustus, Son of Theodosius I 393-423 317-342
Constantine III Flavius Claudius Constantinus Augustus, Usurper in Gaul 407-411 347-350
Constans II Constans Augustus, Usurper in Gaul/Spain 408-411 347-350
Maximus of Spain Maximus Augustus, Usurper in Spain 409-411 351
Priscus Attalus Priscus Attalus Augustus, Gothic Puppet Emperor 409-410 and 415-416 343-346
Jovinus Jovinus Augustus, Usurper in Mainz 411-413 352-354
Sebastianus Sebastianus Augustus, Usurper in Mainz 412-413 352-354
Constantius III Flavius Constantius Augustus, Elevated by Honorius 421 317-342
Galla Placidia Aelia Galla Placidia Wife of Constantius III 421-450 317-342
Johannes Johannes Augustus, Usurper in Honorius' Court 423-425 359-361
Valentinian III Flavius Placidius Valentinianus Augustus, Son of Constantius III 424-455 363-384
Honoria Justa Grata Honoria Sister of Valentinian III 426?-450? 363-384
Licinia Eudoxia Licinia Eudoxia Wife of Valentinian III and Petronius Maximus 439-490 363-384
Petronius Maximus Flavius Anicius Petronius Maximus Augustus, Usurper in Rome 455 385
Avitus Marcus Maecilius Flavius Eparchius Avitus Augustus, Elevated by Marcian 455-456 388-390
Majorian Flavius Julius Valerius Majorianus Augustus, Chosen by Ricimer 457-461 399-405
Libius Severus Libius or Livius Severus (Severus III) Augustus, Chosen by Ricimer 461-475 406-409
Ricimer Flavius Ricimer Master of Soldiers 456-472 None
Anthemius Procopius Anthemius Augustus, Elevated by Leo I 467-472 411-421
Aelia Euphemia Aelia Marcia Euphemia Wife of Anthemius 467-472? 411-421
Alypia Alypia Wife of Ricimer 467?-472? None
Olybrius Anicius Olybrius Augustus, Chosen by Ricimer 472 422-423
Glycerius Flavius Glycerius Augustus, Chosen by Gundobad 473-474 424-426
Gundobad Gundobad or Gundobald Master of Soldiers 472-474 464
Julius Nepos Flavius Julius Nepos Augustus, Elevated by Leo I 474-475 and 477-480 427-434
Romulus Augustus Romulus "Augustus" Augustus, Usurper in Germany 475-476 438-441
Odovacar Flavius Odovacar (Odacer) King of Italy 476-493 442

On the monogram identification chart - note that RIC shows several monograms for the same number for some issues.

*** Monogram Identification Chart ***
Theodosius II
 

RIC Monogram 1

 

RIC Monogram 2

 

RIC Monogram 3

 

RIC Monogram 4

 

RIC Monogram 5

Marcian

RIC Monogram 1

RIC Monogram 1

 

 

RIC Monogram 2

 

 

RIC Monogram 3

 

RIC Monogram 4

 

 

RIC Monogram 5

 

 

RIC Monogram 5

 

RIC Monogram 5

 

RIC Monogram 6

 

RIC Monogram 7

 

RIC Monogram 8

Monogram 3 variant, not in RIC

 

Monogram 5 variant, not in RIC

 

 

Wroth Monogram 107-108 Vandal Period

Leo I
 

RIC Monogram 1

 

RIC Monogram 1

 

RIC Monogram 2

 

RIC Monogram 3

 

RIC Monogram 4

 

RIC Monogram 5

 

RIC Monogram 5

 

RIC Monogram 6

Basiliscus
 

RIC Monogram 1

Zenonis
 

RIC Monogram 1

 

RIC Monogram 2

Basiliscus and Marcus
 

RIC Monogram 1

 

RIC Monogram 1

Zeno
 

RIC Monogram 1

 

RIC Monogram 2

 

RIC Monogram 3

 

RIC Monogram 4

 

RIC Monogram 4a

 

RIC Monogram 5

 

RIC Monogram 6

 

RIC Monogram 7

 

RIC Monogram 8

 

RIC Monogram 9

 

RIC Monogram 10

 

RIC Monogram 11

 

RIC Monogram 12

 

RIC Monogram 13

 

RIC Monogram 14

Libius Severus
 

RIC Monogram 1

 

RIC Monogram 1

 

RIC Monogram 2

Anthemius
 

RIC Monogram 1

 

RIC Monogram 2

 

RIC Monogram 3

 

RIC Monogram 4

 

RIC Monogram 5

 

RIC Monogram 6

 

RIC Monogram 7

Julius Nepos
 

RIC Monogram 1

Odovacar
 

RIC Monogram 1

 

RIC Monogram 1

Gundobad
 

RIC Monogram 1

For more illustrations of the monograms found on some of the Late Roman Bronzes, please click here to visit John McIntosh's site at Ancient Artifacts & Treasures.